Are you searching for some Best egg laying chicken breeds for your poultry farm? If yes, then this guide will really help you know what are the best chickens for eggs.
Not all the chickens lay the same number or color of eggs. The quantity of egg production is depending upon so many factors, but the major thing is chicken breed. Yes, there are some chicken breeds that are only developed for laying more and more eggs.
Some fancy chickens like Silky lay about 100-120 eggs in a year whereas breeds such as Brahma Chicken lays over 200 eggs in a year.
Selecting an excellent egg laying chicken is most important if you need lots of fresh eggs all year long. So, let’s start the list of 15 chickens that will lay lots of eggs.
- 1 List of 15 Best Egg Laying Chicken Breeds
- 1.1 1. Lohmann Brown Classic Chicken
- 1.2 2. Australorp Chicken
- 1.3 3. Easter Eggers
- 1.4 4. Leghorn Chicken
- 1.5 5. Hybrid Chickens
- 1.6 6. Sussex Chicken
- 1.7 7. Golden Comet Chicken
- 1.8 8. Marans Chicken
- 1.9 9. Hamburg Chicken
- 1.10 10. Barnevelder Chicken
- 1.11 11. Ancona Chickens
- 1.12 12. Plymouth Rock Chicken
- 1.13 13. Rhode Island Red Chicken
- 1.14 14. Buff Orpington Chicken
- 1.15 15. Ameraucana Chicken
- 2 Factors that Affects Eggs Quality and Numbers
- 3 Final Words
List of 15 Best Egg Laying Chicken Breeds
1. Lohmann Brown Classic Chicken
Lohmann Brown is one of the best egg laying chicken breeds, which lays about 300 large brown color eggs per year. The best thing about this chicken is feed intake, which is very less compared to other breeds.
It came selectively from a crossbred from New Hampshire and some other egg laying chicken breed.
This chicken breed is Brown with lite brown color feathers in pattern form on the neck part. Also, the tail part is white.
Lohmann Brown chicken life span is about 6-8 years on average. They are docile, friendly, and easy to raise.
2. Australorp Chicken
If you are searching for a chicken for better egg production Australorp is one of the best choices. On average, hens of this breed lay about 250 large brown color eggs per year.
Australorp chickens come in a variety of colors but mostly black, blue, brown and white. They have a docile and hardy temperament.
They are dual purpose chicken. People raise them for both meat and eggs. Australorp chicken lifespan is about 6-9 years.
3. Easter Eggers
Easter eggers are excellent egg laying chickens. They lay about 250 brown colored eggs. Eggs sizes may vary from medium to large according to different varieties of Easter eggers.
You will get greenish color to bright light blue color eggs from your Easter eggers hens. This breed came from various pure breeds like Araucanas, Ameraucanas, and Cream Legbars. So Easter eggers are hybrid chickens.
The Easter Egger chicken has a friendly and hardy temperament.
4. Leghorn Chicken
Leghorn chicken is also a wonderful choice for eggs. This chicken gives you around over 250 medium size white colored eggs per year on average.
They are full white body birds with fighty and stung temperament. They are not that friendly and sometimes run behind people to peck.
5. Hybrid Chickens
Hybrid chickens are developed after cross breeding of pure breeds like Light Sussex, Rhode Island Red or Leghorn. They are also best egg laying chickens.
They lay about 250+ eggs per year on average. Hybrid birds lay different color eggs such as green, blue and brown. They also need less feed as compared to others and lay a good number of eggs.
Hybrids are normally a golden brown color with soft white tail chickens.
6. Sussex Chicken
Sussex chicken is also one of the best chicken breeds for eggs, but it is also used for meat.
They lay for about 20 Weeks and this breed lays about 250-300 large, brown to creamy white eggs in a year.
The body of this British origin chicken is fully white in color.
Sussex chickens are friendly, docile in nature and easy to raise.
7. Golden Comet Chicken
Golden Comet Chicken is also an excellent chicken, which lays lots of eggs. On average, this chicken breed lays about 250 eggs per year. It lays eggs after 16 weeks.
Photo Credit – roosterhillfarms
This chicken breed is friendly and docile in nature. They are also not afraid of strangers. It is the best breed of new chicken farmers.
Golden Comet Chicken is developed by breeding between a White Rock hen and a New Hampshire rooster. So people call them in different names like Gold Sex Link, Golden Buff, Red Star, Cinnamon Queen, etc.
8. Marans Chicken
Marans chickens are dual-purpose chickens. They are best for both meat and eggs. Marans are also known as Chocolate eggers because they lay about 180-200 dark brown color eggs per year.
They have a white neck and chest with black spots on feathers and lines on other parts. Marans are also recognized as Continental chicken by American Poultry Association.
Marans are very friendly, docile, quiet, and easy to raise chickens. Also, hens of this breed are excellent mothers.
9. Hamburg Chicken
Hamburg chicken is also a very old breed, mainly raised to get more and more eggs. This breed gives you about 200 small to medium size white eggs on average.
The Chicken body has white feathers with black spots, but the neck part has black dotted stripes. Hamburg chickens have a friendly and docile temperament.
They are very active chickens and love to fly.
10. Barnevelder Chicken
Barnevelder is a dutch chicken breed, mainly used for egg purpose. This breed lays about 200 medium size eggs per year on average.
The color of Barnevelder chicken’s egg is light brown. They are recognized as one of the continental breeds by APA.
This chicken breed is available mainly in black color with dark brown striped feathers. Barnevelder are very active, friendly and quiet in nature.
11. Ancona Chickens
The Ancona chicken is mainly originated in Italy, which is recognized as a Mediterranean breed by American Poultry Association.
People raise this breed for getting lots of eggs. Ancona Hens lay about 200 small white eggs per year on average.
The Ancona chickens are black color with white dots and lines.
12. Plymouth Rock Chicken
It is one of the most popular breeds in The United States. Plymouth Rock is dual purpose chickens.
A Plymouth Rock hen lay about 200 medium size, light brown color eggs. This breed is available in multiple varieties like Barred, Black, Black Frizzle, Blue, Buff, Columbian, Partridge, Silver Penciled, White.
They have a very calm and friendly temperament, which makes it one of the best chicken for a small farmer. This comes in the list of large size chicken breeds.
13. Rhode Island Red Chicken
Rhode Island Red Chicken is another popular American chicken breed. It is a dual purpose chicken, but most people use it to get more and more eggs.
People also call them Rhode Islands. A healthy and good Rhode Island Red Chicken lay about 250-300 medium size brown color eggs per year.
They have brown and black mixed shiny feathers which makes them look beautiful. Most of the Rhode Island Red hens are active, docile and calm, but you may see some aggression in Roosters.
Buff Orpington Chicken is a British dual-purpose breed. It is one of the large size chicken breeds. It is also a best breed for eggs. A Buff Orpington hen lays about 180-200 light brown color eggs per year on average.
They look fluffy because of the heavy layer of feathers. Buff Orpington chicken looks amazing for their light golden color and puffed thick layer of inner white feather.
Because of fluffy feathers they look aggressive, but they are very calm, docile and friendly. So, a new farmer can easily raise them.
15. Ameraucana Chicken
Ameraucanas are recognized by both American Poultry Association (APA) and American Bantam Association (ABA).
They recognize eight varieties of bantams: black, blue, blue wheaten, brown red, buff, silver, wheaten, and white and nine varieties of large fowl: black, blue, blue wheaten, brown red, buff, self blue, silver, wheaten, and white.
Ameraucana Chicken lays about 170-200 eggs varies from varieties to varieties. Both Roosters and Hens are polite in nature. They have a docile, friendly and calm temperament.
Factors that Affects Eggs Quality and Numbers
There are different facts that affect Egg production in Backyard chickens. According to the University of Florida, there are so many Non-infectious and Infectious diseases that cause a decrease in egg production.
Laying cycle of chickens is about 12 months, which starts when a hen reaches about 16-18 weeks of age. After 1 year of age, the egg production gradually decreases to about 65%.
Now, let’s discuss the Factors one by one which affects backyard chicken’s egg production –
1. Chickens Age
Yes, As we have told you above, after 12 months of laying almost hens of every breed lay only 65% of eggs compared to the first 12 months of eggs.
Some hens stop laying eggs after 3-4 years of egg laying. It varies from chicken breed to breed.
2. Lack of Nutrition
We know chickens eat almost everything. You can read a list here: What can chicken eat? But the most important thing is that they are getting proper nutrition from daily feed or not.
If you are raising free-range chickens in your backyard, then they eat various types of nutritious things like bugs, insects, grass and some type of leaves. These are direct sources of vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates.
But if you are raising chickens inside a shed or a closed coop, then they are limited to various external vitamin sources. So poor vitamin intake may cause lack of egg production.
In that situation you may need some good vitamin supplement for your flocks.
3. Poor Quality Feed
Bad quality feed really hurts your chicken’s egg production quantity and quality. If you are growing your chicken inside a shed, always remember to use a good chicken feed. Always use the first week Pre-starter then till 21-25 days age give Starter and after that Finisher.
There are several types of salts and elements which are needed for better growth of chicken but in balanced levels. Increased salt levels reduces egg production.
Also, lack of Phosphorus absorption may lead to decreased egg production because it is fully related to calcium.
Increased Vitamin D3 Levels causes hypercalcemia. This may cause reduced egg production in chickens.
Some medicines like Anticoccidials were added in different types of chicken feed. These are not given to commercial laying hens. For e.g., Nicarbazin drug reduces egg production in chickens, which is an Anticoccidial drug.
6. Mistakes in Poultry Management
Always check your chicken waterer and feeder. Fill them before they get empty. If hens live without food and water for several hours, it directly affects negatively to the production of eggs.
If you are keeping your chickens inside the shed then proper lighting is required. Hens need about 14 hours of day length for laying a good quantity of eggs.
7. Mites, Lice, and Fleas
Mites, Lice and Fleas cause various types of health problems in chicken. They make chickens weak by sucking blood from skin. It causes a lack of vitamins and minerals in the body which indirectly reduce egg production in chickens.
8. Worm infestation in Chicken
Like human chicken also suffers from worm infestation. Endoparasites like Roundworm, Tapeworm live inside chicken intestines and suck all nutrients. This gradually decreases the appetite of chickens and causes diarrhea or even death.
In this type of condition you can use poultry wormers. You can read more about Chicken Wormers Here.
9. Diseases in Chickens
Chicken gets infected with various types of diseases like Newcastle disease, Infectious Bronchitis, Avian influenza, E Coli, etc. In these types of conditions hens stop laying eggs because of lack of nutrients in the body.
To keep your flocks safe from these types of infections, vaccination must be done properly.
In this post you got a list of Best egg laying chicken breeds for your backyard farm. Also, we have explained what are the major factors which mainly cause the egg production.
You can tell your thoughts, which breed you are raising and what are your experiences below in the comment section. If you have questions regarding egg-laying hens, feel free to write below.
Hope you liked this article.