In this article, we have provided complete guide on Brooding Chicken in Poultry farming. Also you will read about all types of chicks brooders and Its management techniques.
So, let’s start.
First of all, we have to know what is chicken brooding in poultry business?
- 1 What is Chicken Brooding Meaning in Poultry? Its definition !
- 2 Natural Vs Artificial Chicken Brooding
- 3 How much space do we need for brooding of chicks?
- 4 Methods and Equipment’s required in Brooding Management in Chicks
- 5 The location of the brooding house
- 6 Preparation of brooding house before the arrival of chicks
- 7 Chicken Brooding temperature adjustments for the brooder house
What is Chicken Brooding Meaning in Poultry? Its definition !
Brooding is a technique or procedure in which baby chicks were kept in heat or temperature after hatching for their excellent health and survival.
Usually a hen keeps her chicks below inside her wings to give them heat for survival and growth. But when you are growing your chicks without their mother hen, then you have to provide them artificial heat for inner growth.
It is the first and most important part of the chicken farming business because if you don’t do Brooding properly, then chicks may become undeveloped, which results in a loss in your business.
After hatching of chicks, they need the particular temperature for their growth for about one and half months Because when they were small, the body mechanism of didn’t regulate their body temperature automatically for the first few weeks.
In the time of winter, brooding is the most essential thing in the chicken farming business. After hatching in the winter season, most of the chicks didn’t survive due to cold temperature.
At that time, Brooding is the only method you can and used to save their life. If we say, brooding helps chicks for complete growth from internally and externally.
More about chicken brooding
If you want to to learn about brooding management, the best step is to you ask a chicken farmer, because he knows every good and bad which happen during a Brooding procedure.
I am a chicken farmer, so I can tell you what to do in brooding for better care of your chicks. For, more info you can visit your nearest poultry farm and learn more your brooding.
Natural Vs Artificial Chicken Brooding
Brooding is mainly classified into two types – natural and artificial. I have already told you about the natural procedure of brooding which a hen provide to her chicks by giving them support and heat below her wings during the first few weeks after hatching.
But if you are buying chicks from a hatching company for some reason or you if you are a big chicken farmer, then hen is unable to give support or care to her chicks.
At that time, you have to give them some artificial brooding for survival and growth. Person in small scale make chicken brooding pen (small houses) and in big scale do brooding using, different types of Brooders.
How much space do we need for brooding of chicks?
In summer, use 1/2 area and in winter use 1/3 area of brooder house or room for brooding. It’s because in winter you need more heat which is easy to give in a small area and in summer chicks not required that much as compared to winter. But, In cold areas doing proper brooding is very important; otherwise, your chicks will not survive.
Methods and Equipment’s required in Brooding Management in Chicks
Now let’s understand various practices and methods required in brooding management for chicks.
Brooder guard for chicks
Brooder guard is a tool for guarding baby chicks in a particular area or space. It helps in preventing chilling and pilling for newly hatched chicks. Always make sure your brooder guard is made up of good material, properly sterilized, and plastic with good quality.
These are used to keep your chicks in a particular area so that they stay near the source of heat. The height of a brooder guard must be between 16 to 18 inches so that chicks don’t jump out and it must provide shelter from wind and cold.
It is a type of Chicken brooding coop for starting days of chicks. Here on early days chicks are kept and given artificial heat using brooding lights.
Some online Brooder guards or chicks starter coops.
1. Farm Innovators Model 3700 Baby Chick Starter Home Kit
2. Premier Poultry Brooder Panels – Package of 6 (Reusable)
3. Rite Farm Products/Miller Deluxe Chick BROODER KIT Poly Corral Pen & Bulb & LAMP & Stand for Baby Chickens
So the question is now from where you will get the source of heat?
The source of heat is the chicken brooding lights, which provides temperature regulation in the brooding room.
Types of the brooder in chicken farming and using guide
Worldwide mainly three to four major techniques wear used to do brooding in chicken-
- Brooding with light or bulb
- Brooding with a gas brooder
- Brooding with chicks heating plate
1. Chicken Brooding Lights and Bulbs
In this type of chicks brooding, a brooder lamp or clamp light is used in which a brooding light is attached. Most of the brooder lamp contain steel reflector. It reflects high heat from its bulb, which is attached to the center of the reflector.
Below you will see Woods Clamp Lamp with Reflector and Bulb Guard
You can easily hang them above the area of brooder guard where you keep your chicks. These come with various power of brooder bulbs 150 watts, 250 watts, or above.
Below is a Brooder infrared bulb
The best type of bulbs you can use in brooding lamp are infrared lamps because they provide very high temperature as compared to normal bulbs which we use in our home.
2. Gas Brooders for Chicken Brooding
The second most useful brooder is a gas brooder. This type of gas brooder is mainly used in those areas where there is a lack of electricity or more power cut areas.
Energy Saving Infrared Automatic Poultry Gas Heater for Chicken Brooding
If you are living in a place where there is no electricity, or you are facing multiple time electricity power cuts then you can use a gas brooder because if you use normal electricity brooder in that place and if power goes down then, all the chicks come closer to each other due to which most of the chicks will die to overcrowd.
Manual Infrared Gas Brooder Heater Ceramics
Gas brooder provides non stop heat supply to chicks without any power failure. Gas brooder needs LPG gas cylinder for gas supply.
3. Brooding with chicks heating plate
It is a new type of brooding technique you can use for your baby chicks but used in small scale chicken business.
In these heating plate in which small baby Chicks stay warm by direct contact with the underside of the plate, and when they get required heat, they get out of them for feeding. Mostly peoples use this type of heating plates in personal farming not for big business.
These chicks heating plates come with different sizes in inches in length and breadth. You can also adjust the height of the heating plate according to your chicks age.
Chicken Chick Heating Plate for about 50 Chicks
4. Air Heater Brooder for large scale chicken business
All the above brooding equipment’s are for small to medium scale chicken farms. But Air Heater Brooder is required for big farms. These type of air brooders can easily provide heat upto 1000-5000 sq. ft.
Its comes with value BTUs (British thermal unit). Blower which power is about 50000 BTUs can easily give heat to 1200-1500 chicks easily. It comes with both Electricity and Kerosene powered. You can check more about the blowers by clicking the below red button.
The location of the brooding house
It is the most crucial question where to make or build your brooding house for chicks. The brooding house must be away from other chicken houses.
The minimum distance of a brooder house from the main chicken farm must be about 100 to 200 meters. Small baby chicks are very sensitive to foreign infections so they must be kept in a safe, fresh, and well-sterilized room.
Also, it is very much essential to make your poultry houses to construct in East to West direction so that fresh air can easily pass from it and starting sunlight every morning directly into the homes.
All poultry houses are fitted with galvanized welded metal nets for chicks safety from other animals. Below are some galvanized welded nets which are used in poultry.
Hexagonal Poultry Netting Galvanized Chicken Hardware Cloth for Fencing
Preparation of brooding house before the arrival of chicks
- Prepare your brooder house before one week of the arrival of chicks.
- Clean your brooder house before one week.
- If litters of old chicken where present, then remove and clean all the litter from that room.
- Clean the floor and1-2 feet wall height of brooder room. Also, sterilize brooding equipment with a disinfected solution.
- Use a high concentration of formaldehyde gas for better disinfection. You can find easily find formaldehyde in your nearest chemical shop or veterinary medicine shop. Keep the room airtight during the use of formaldehyde and keep for 24 to 48 hours then allow to dry out completely.
- Use the formula 35 ml of Formalin and 17.5 gram of Potassium permanganate to disinfect 3-meter cube area.
- For the first three days use paper above The Deep litter floor system and spread chicken pre-starter feed above them. After three days, remove papers from floor and use a deep litter system.
- Deep litter system is very much important. You can use paddy husk, or wood shavings, ground maize cob, chopped straw, sawdust, groundnut shell, dried crushed sugar can pulp for deep litter system. Keep the little depth for about 6 to 9 cm in Winter season and 3 to 4 cm in the summer season.
- Always attach and check the proper working of your brooder system before the arrival of your chicks. And always keep your brooder ON before 24 hours of chicks arrival, so that to make the environment warm.
- Use at least one 12kg capacity feeder and one 3 liter capacity drinker for every 100 chicks inside the Brooding area or Brooder guard.
- When chicks arrived, keep them inside your brooder guard as soon as possible.
Chicken Brooding temperature adjustments for the brooder house
Use a Brooder thermometer for chicken brooding temperature readings
For the first 24 hours keep the temperature at 95°F (35°C) at the edge of brooder above 2-3 inches. Then lower the temperature of brooder every week by 5°F (2.8°C) until it reaches 70°F. Too low and too high temperatures cause weak growth of chicks.