In this article we have provided the list of top 18 best blue chicken breeds for your backyard farm. Also you will know about their pros, cons, rarety, egg production, use, characteristics and pictures.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Blue Geno-Type in Chicken
- 3 Top 18 Blue Chicken Breeds for Your Backyard Farm
- 3.1 Rhode Island Blue
- 3.2 Blue Ameraucana Chicken
- 3.3 Blue Andalusian
- 3.4 Blue Silkies
- 3.5 Blue Cochins
- 3.6 Blue Sumatra Chicken
- 3.7 Blue Bresse Gauloise
- 3.8 Blue Dutch Bantam
- 3.9 Blue Plymouth Rock Chicken
- 3.10 Blue Delaware Chicken
- 3.11 Blue Wyandotte Chicken
- 3.12 Blue Old English Game Bantam
- 3.13 Blue Australorp Chicken
- 3.14 Blue Copper Marans
- 3.15 Blue Jersey Giants
- 3.16 Blue Rosecomb Bantam
- 3.17 Sapphire Olive Eggers
- 3.18 White True Blue Chicken
- 4 Summary
With controversies worldwide on whether intake of red meat is quite a healthy practice, many people have shifted their intake in favor of white meat.
Consequently, the demand for white meat production has grown, and as such, chicken farming is widely becoming a widespread practice among farmers. As a result, the market demand is growing, and more farmers are switching to poultry farming.
Whether reared for business or as a hobby, it is important to note that different chicken breeds have different features. Some breeds are notable for their egg-laying capacity, while others top the list for their meat production capacity.
You may choose a specific breed for production of either though one that combines both benefits is an advisable one. Some of these breeds come in handy with a cool combination of shades and plumages, creating a great view for your backyard.
Among the common breeds are the blue chicken breeds. Choosing a breed does not have to be a challenge, as the article outlines the various blue chicken breeds and their distinctive features.
Also read: Best egg laying chicken breeds
Blue Geno-Type in Chicken
You may be wondering how it is possible to have blue chicken, but oh yes, they do exist. Blue chicken breeds are born out of the black and splash genes.
Though the blue color may be noticeable with some breeds, it is not always easy to spot the blue-colored feathers on some of these breeds.
Top 18 Blue Chicken Breeds for Your Backyard Farm
Below are some of the most common blue chicken breeds that you might consider adding to your poultry farm-
Rhode Island Blue
A mature male weighs around 8 pounds, while a hen weighs around 6.5 pounds. With this breed, you are sure to collect around 250 large brown eggs every year.
Blue Ameraucana Chicken
This American breed lays about 200 blue eggs in a year. A standard size male Blue Ameraucana weighs about 5.5-6.5, with a bantam weighing from 26-30 ounces.
On the other hand, a standard size hen weighs between 4.5 and 5.5 pounds, with a bantam female weighing 24-26 ounces. The breed is highly docile and thus suitable as pets.
Blue Andalusian chickens are small-bodied with beautiful bluish plumage, their origin tracing back to Andalusia.
A standard size male weighs 3.2 -3.6 kg with a bantam weighing 680-790 g, while a mature hen weighs 2.3-2.7 kg and a bantam 570-680 g.
With this breed, you are sure to get a treat of at least three white eggs in a week, even during winter. Given their fluffy nature, they are not so prone to diseases and adverse climates, thus easy to rear.
This is a rare breed with fluffy plumage and black skin. Though primarily kept for eggs, they only give about 100 eggs per year.
They are also quite slender compared to other breeds. Blue Silkies mainly occur in bantam size.
In regions where large fowls are recognized, a hen weighs 32 ounces while a male weighs 36 ounces.
A male bantam, on the other hand, weighs 22 ounces and a female 18 ounces. They are suitably kept for ornamental and for exhibitions purposes.
Also read: Silkie chicken breed guide
Their origin traces back to Asia. Blue Cochins, formerly referred to as Cochinchina, come in the different black, buff, and blue shades.
These birds are rather attractive compared to their predecessor, who looked more like wild fowls.
They are huge, with a standard male weighing 3.6-5.9 kg and a female weighing 3.2-5.0 kg. a male bantam weighs 900 g and a female bantam 800 g. With this breed, you are sure to get at least 100 eggs in a year.
They are fluffy with feathers running down to their toes and are rather more friendly than any other breed. They are mainly reared for exhibitions.
Also read: Cochin chicken breed guide
Blue Sumatra Chicken
With origin as Sumatra Island, Blue Sumatra is a rare breed and not great layers as they give around 100 eggs a year. Their slender bodies do not place them as great broilers either.
A standard rooster weighs 2.25- 2.7 kg, and a standard hen about 1.8 kg. On the other hand, a male bantam weighs 0.735 kg, with a female bantam weighing 0.625 kg.
Their beautiful appearance, however, makes them a great catch as ornamentals and for exhibitions.
Blue Bresse Gauloise
Blue Bresse Gauloise originates from Bresse, France. They are found in four shades, blue, black, white, and grey. While there exists no bantam size for this breed, a standard Blue Bresse.
Gauloise cock will weigh from 5 to 6 pounds while the hen weighs around 4 to 5 pounds. Though slender in size, they are good layers with approximately 250 eggs in a year. They are, however, kept for meat production.
Blue Dutch Bantam
The breed originated from the Netherlands. Though their eggs are relatively small in size, the breed will have you collect about 160 white eggs every year.
A mature male weighs around 4 kg, and a bantam will weigh around 20 ounces, while a mature hen weighs around 3 kg and a bantam 18 ounces.
Blue Plymouth Rock Chicken
The breed is a crossbreed between the Barred Rock and the Andalusian. They are top layers with approximately 300 large brown eggs in a year.
A standard male of this breed weighs about 9.5 pounds, with a bantam weighing 3 pounds. On the other hand, a standard female will top the scale at 7.5 pounds and a female bantam at 2.5 pounds.
They are friendly and not quite sensitive to adverse weather and do equally well in cold climates, thus easy to rear. If you seek a dual breed to add to your backyard, this is a favorable one.
Alos read: Plymouth Rock chicken breed guide
Blue Delaware Chicken
Originally from the US, they are mainly kept for meat productions. They are, however, good layers and give 200-280 eggs in a year.
They are medium-sized with a rooster weighing 7-8 pounds and a hen 6 pounds.
On rare occasions, the breed has a bantam size where a bantam rooster weighs 32 ounces, and a female weighs 28 ounces. They like free-ranging and are not typically docile.
Blue Wyandotte Chicken
Blue Wyandotte is a blend of Dark Brahma and the Spangled Hamburgs. Though not common, the breed is great for both meat and eggs.
Their eggs are large and brown in color, with approximately 200 eggs in a year. They are broody with an average weight of 6-7 pounds and 8-9 pounds for hens and roosters, respectively.
A bantam rooster will top the scale at 30 ounces, while a female bantam weighs 26 ounces. Though docile, they may not be on good terms with other breeds most of the time.
Also read: Wyandotte chicken breed guide
Blue Old English Game Bantam
Their plumage contains multiple beautiful shades. The breed is found in both standard and bantam sizes. A standard size male weighs 5 pounds, and a hen weighs 4 pounds.
On the other hand, a male bantam will weigh about 22 ounces while a female weighs 20 ounces. They are not good layers, but you can expect 100-150 eggs per year from this breed.
They are quite aggressive but would make a great addition to your backyard poultry.
Blue Australorp Chicken
The breed traces back to the Orpington breed and is a blend of other breeds such as Minorca, Langshan, White Leghorn, and Rhode Island Reds. Blue Australorps produce more eggs than other Australorp breeds, around 250 eggs per year, which are large and brown.
A bantam rooster weighs 2-2.5 pounds, and a bantam hen is 1.5-2 pounds. Large fowls have a cock weighing 8.5-10 pounds and a hen 6 pounds.
They are good for both meat and eggs but are also good kept as pets given their friendly nature.
Blue Copper Marans
They originated from France and are bred from wild game. They are docile and get along well with other breeds. They lay about 200 large brown eggs per year.
Found in both standard and bantam size, a standard rooster weighs 8 pounds, while a hen weighs about 6.5 pounds.
A male bantam will go up to 7 pounds, with a female weighing 5.5 pounds. They are kept for both meat and eggs.
Also read: Copper Marans breed guide
Blue Jersey Giants
Blue Jersey Giants are huge in size, featuring as the largest breed in the world. A rooster weighs from 13 to 15 pounds, while a hen weighs about 11 pounds.
They are docile and get along well with other breeds. They produce quite large eggs, with approximately 150 eggs per year. They are suitable for eggs and meat production.
Also read: Breed guide on Jersey Giant chicken
Blue Rosecomb Bantam
They produce small cream-colored eggs. They are not great at laying eggs and are thus mainly kept for exhibitions.
Rose Comb bantam come in different sizes, mostly slender. A male weighs about 22 ounces, with a female weighing about 18 ounces. They are also friendly and docile.
Sapphire Olive Eggers
This is a friendly breed to deal with and is not sensitive to adverse climates. If you are targeting a good layer, Sapphire Olive Eggers is for you.
From this breed, you will get about 240 olive-colored eggs in a year. The hen weighs up to 6-7 pounds, with roosters weighing up to 7-8 pounds. They blend easily with other breeds and adapt to different climates.
White True Blue Chicken
The breed may have different shades of colors such as blue-red, silver blue, lemon blue, and blue wheaten. They are not mostly docile and like moving around freely.
A crossbreed of the Leghorn breed, White True Blue chicken, is a great layer giving about 300 blue eggs. A mature male weighs about 7 pounds, while a mature hen weighs about 5 pounds.
Though referred to as blue chicken breeds, they are not blue. This is because they are bred from the black and splash genotypes. Getting a true blue is relatively rare since blue is just a dilute.
Blue chicken breeds consist of some of the friendliest and tamable chicken breeds you will ever come across. Their multi-purpose nature makes them a favorite for many breeders.
From egg production to meat and exhibitions, blue chicken breeds will rarely fail your purpose. Blue chicken breeds are a beautiful sight that, in addition to their poultry benefit, are great for exhibitions.
The right choice of a chicken breed will ensure you get the most out of your poultry and ensure a beautiful combination.