The name Australorp chicken itself tells you the origin of the chicken is Australia. It is a new black chicken breed, but in a short time, it has become popular.
In this breed guide you will know all about Australorp Chickens. It includes eggs, size, information on popular color varieties like black, white, lifespan, characteristics, etc.
Australorp chickens are known for their friendliness and loving nature. Also, you can’t ignore its good egg-laying capacity.
The species name is Gallus gallus domesticus and the family Phasianidae. Australorp chicken is one of the best easy-to-raise chicken breeds for newbie chicken farmers.
Australorp adapts to any living conditions so you can provide the space for free-range or keep them in coops or sheds.
Also read: Top 10 Best Rooster Breeds
What are Australorp Chickens?
- 1 What are Australorp Chickens?
- 2 History of Australorp Chicken
- 3 Recognized Varieties of Australorps
- 4 Lifespan
- 5 Egg Production
- 6 Temperament of Australorp Chickens
- 7 Color, Size, Appearance, Characteristics of Plymouth Rock Chicken
- 8 Benefits of Raising Australorp chickens
- 9 Care guide for Australorp chickens
- 10 Summary
Australorp is a popular chicken breed, mainly originated from Australia. The English Orpington chicken was bred in the Australian regions and named Australorp.
It is a dual-purpose chicken with lots of unique features like friendly, docile, cold-hardy nature.
History of Australorp Chicken
The main bird which originated this breed is from England. In between 1890-1900s, few black-colored English Orpingtons were imported to Australia from the yards of William Cook and Joseph Partington.
Some historical literature also explains that local breeders also bred them with Plymouth Rocks.
Because of the multiple breed genes, an excellent dual-purpose chicken was developed, Australian Black Orpington chickens.
So, they named those chickens Australorp.
Recognized Varieties of Australorps
The Australorp chicken has three recognized varieties under Australian Poultry Standards:
The White Australorps were recognized in the second edition of 2011 in Australian Poultry Standards.
But The Poultry Club of Africa has four recognized colors of Australorps:
- Wheaten Laced
According to the American Poultry Association, the Large size Black Australorp chicken is only the accepted variety.
As Australorp is resulted by breeding long life expectancy chicken breeds, so they have a good life span. The average lifespan of Australorps chickens is around 6 to 10 years.
Australorp is one of the best dual-purpose chickens, so they have an excellent egg-laying capacity. On average, an Australorp hen lays around 280-300 eggs per year.
The eggs of black Australorp chickens are light brown colored and large. If you want to raise an excellent egg-laying chicken, you can consider this chicken breed.
Temperament of Australorp Chickens
Australorp chickens are friendly and playful. They are very docile and loving in nature. You can also provide them few chicken toys to make them more active.
If you have kids in your home, Australorps will love to play and run towards them. They constantly graze calmly with other chickens and rarely fight.
Australorp hens make good mothers and nicely take care of their baby chicks. They love to live in both free-range and bear confinement.
If you have a long yard and place, allow them to see how active they are and what they find. Both the rooster and hens are friendly in nature.
Also read: Appenzeller Spitzhauben Chickens
Color, Size, Appearance, Characteristics of Plymouth Rock Chicken
As we have mentioned above, there are 3-4 recognized color varieties of Australorp chickens found all over the globe.
However, in reality, you can see the three most popular colors of Australorps. The commonly available colors of Australorp chickens are Glossy black, Blueish Green, White.
As Australorps are dual-purpose chicken breeds, they have good weight. A standard-sized Australorp rooster weighs around 8.5 to 10 lbs, whereas hens weigh 7 to 9 lbs.
Australorps chickens are also found in bantam varieties, but most people do not recommend raising them because of less profitability.
The average weight of bantam size Australorps roosters is around 2.5 to 4 lbs and hens about 2 to 3.5 lbs.
Australorp chickens have a beautiful red comb with 6-8 spikes. The roosters of this breed have large size comb with visible spikes, whereas the hens have a small comb.
The color of wattles and ear lobes is also bright red. As we have explained, Australorp chickens are found in different colors like black, blue, white, but the black color is the most popular one raised by most breeders.
The black feathers of the hens and roosters have a glossy shine, with little brownish ruffled feathers on the back.
The legs of Australorps, hens, and roosters are grayish black. The color of the black Australorps beak is almost black, and the white Australorps have a yellowish-white beak.
Australorp chicken is a lovely and friendly chicken. Most of the chicken raisers recommend raising this chicken breed.
They always live calmly and friendly with their flockmates and rarely fight. Australorp chickens are non-aggressive breeds, so they love to learn commands.
Buy a few chicken treats and play with them so that they will listen to your commands. After a few days, you will see how they will run towards you.
Both the roosters and hens of this breed walk like kings and queens. Australorps are dual-purpose chickens in the real world, but they are also beautiful exhibition birds when you see their characteristics.
If you have lots of trees in your backyard, they will love to graze inside their sheds. Most of the Australorps strains from hatchery go significantly less broody, and if you are raising them in your backyard, your flocks may go broody.
Benefits of Raising Australorp chickens
Here are some common advantages of raising Australorp chickens:
- It is a dual-purpose chicken so that you will get a double profit from both eggs and meat.
- The Australorp hens lay around 250+ eggs per year so that you can keep them only for egg purposes.
- Australorp chickens are one of the best friendliest chickens, so if you are a newbie chicken breeder, this fowl is best for you.
- If you have kids in your house, they will love to play with them.
- For chicken raisers who live in cold regions, it is one of the most profitable breeds.
- If you want to raise a hassle-free chicken breed, you can choose Australorps.
- Australorp chickens are also a popular choice as an exhibition bird.
- Most of the Australorps hens rarely go broody, but they make good mothers if you raise them in your backyard.
Care guide for Australorp chickens
Australorp chickens are good foragers and graze like a start. You do not need any special treatment for them, but like other chickens, they need specific care according to their characteristics.
Both the Australorp rooster and hens are pretty large-sized chickens, so need some extra space inside the chicken coop compared to other chicken breeds.
You need to give them at least 2.5 to 3 sq ft per chicken inside the coop and a 12-15 sq ft area in the run area. If you have large yards, then don’t worry about kennel run space.
Excessive confinement and closed environment cause stress in chickens, so always give them some space to enjoy and live stress-free.
The major problem with calm and docile chickens is that predators quickly attack and kill them. So, it would help if you built a strong fence around your backyard. You can read our guide on the best chicken wire and hardware clothes.
You are embarrassed with multiple predator attacks and if you have already built a standard fence, try to add an electric fence around your yard. So, it will give additional safety for your flocks and cattle.
Australorp chickens love free-ranging. If you have lots of space in your backyard area, try to grow some grass for their foraging. You can build some chicken grazing boxes and put them on grass and leafy veggies.
You will see how they enjoy pecking on them. It will engage them and help them to live healthy and stress-free. My chickens always love to roost on branches of mango trees.
Australorp chickens are cold hardy chickens, so if you live in a tropical climate, you have to provide them with some cooling equipment like coop fans, ventilation, and tree shades.
Australorps are dual-purpose chickens, so you also have to provide suitable space for egg-laying hens. Build some good chicken nesting boxes, or you can buy them ready to use from any nearest store.
So, overall, Australorps are a good chicken breed for both newbie and old chicken raisers. This is a beautiful chicken with lots of raising benefits.
If you are searching for a new breed for your backyard poultry coop, this is one of the best dual-purpose chicken breeds.
Australorp chicks are readily available in most of the hatcheries in the US.
Are you already raising Australorp chickens in your backyard coop? Must share your experience in the comment section below.