The name ‘Australorp chicken’ itself tells you that the origin of the chicken is Australia. It is a new black chicken breed, but it has become popular in a short time.
In this breed guide, you will discover everything you need to know about Australorp Chickens. It includes information on popular color varieties, such as black, white, lifespan, and characteristics.
Australorp chickens are known for being friendly and loving. Furthermore, you cannot ignore, as it’s a good egg-laying bird.
The scientific name of the species is gallus gallus domesticus, and the family is Phasianidae. Australorp’s are easy to raise and are a good breed for beginners.
Australorp chickens are very adaptable, so you can provide them with space to free-range or keep them in coops or sheds.
Also read: Top 10 Best Rooster Breeds
- 1 What are Australorp Chickens?
- 2 History of Australorp Chicken
- 3 Recognized Varieties of Australorps
- 4 Lifespan
- 5 Egg Production
- 6 Temperament of Australorp Chickens
- 7 Color, Size, Appearance, Characteristics of Plymouth Rock Chicken
- 8 Benefits of Raising Australorp chickens
- 9 Care Guide For Australorp Chickens
- 10 Summary
What are Australorp Chickens?
Australorp is a popular chicken breed, mainly originated from Australia. The English Orpington chicken was bred in the Australian regions and named Australorp.
It is a dual-purpose chicken with lots of unique features like friendly, docile, cold-hardy nature.
History of Australorp Chicken
The main bird which contributed to the formation of this breed is from England. Between 1890 and 1900, a few black-colored English Orpingtons were imported to Australia from the yards of William Cook and Joseph Partington.
Some historical literature also explains that local breeders bred them with Plymouth Rocks.
Because of the multiple breed genes, an excellent dual-purpose chicken was developed, Australian Black Orpington chickens.
Further, they named those chickens Australorp.
Recognized Varieties of Australorps
The Australorp chicken has three recognized varieties under Australian Poultry Standards:
The White Australorps were recognized in the second edition of 2011 in Australian Poultry Standards.
But The Poultry Club of Africa has four recognized colors of Australorps:
- Wheaten Laced
According to the American Poultry Association, the large size black Australorp chicken is the only accepted variety.
Because Australorp is a result of breeding chicken breeds with long life expectancy, they have a good life span. The lifespan of Australorps chickens is between 6 and 10 years.
Australorp is one of the best dual-purpose chickens, so they have a splendid egg-laying capacity. On average, an Australorp hen lays around 280-300 eggs per year.
The eggs of black Australorp chickens are light-brown colored and large. If you want to raise an excellent egg-laying chicken, you can consider this chicken breed.
Temperament of Australorp Chickens
Australorp chickens are friendly and playful. They are very docile and loving in nature. You can also provide them few chicken toys to make them more active.
If you have children in your home, Australorps will adore playing with them and running towards them. They live in peace and harmony with other chickens.
Australorp hens make good mothers and nicely take care of their baby chicks. They love to live in both free-range and bear confinement.
If you have a long yard and place for them to explore, allow them to see how active they are and what they find. Both the rooster and hens are friendly in nature.
Also read: Appenzeller Spitzhauben Chickens
Color, Size, Appearance, Characteristics of Plymouth Rock Chicken
As we have mentioned above, there are 3-4 recognized color varieties of Australorp chickens found all over the globe.
However, in reality, you can see the three most popular colors of Australorps. The commonly available colors of Australorp chickens are Glossy black, Blueish Green, White.
As Australorps are dual-purpose chicken breeds, they have good weight. A standard-sized Australorp rooster weighs around 8.5 to 10 lbs, whereas hens weigh 7 to 9 lbs.
Australorps chickens are also found in bantam varieties, but most people do not recommend raising them because of less profitability.
The average weight of bantam size Australorps roosters is around 2.5 to 4 lbs, and hens about 2 to 3.5 lbs.
The Australorp chicken possesses a beautiful red comb with 6-8 spikes. The roosters of this breed have large size comb with visible spikes, whereas the hens have a small comb.
The wattles and earlobes are also bright red in color. As we have explained, Australorp chickens can be found in different colors such as black, blue, white, but the black color is the most popular one raised by most breeders.
The black feathers of the hens and roosters are glossy with little brown ruffled feathers on the back.
The legs of Australorps, hens, and roosters are gray to black. The black Australorps have black beaks, and the white Australorps have yellowish-white beaks.
Australorp chicken is a lovely and friendly chicken. Most of the chicken raisers recommend raising this chicken breed.
They always live calmly and peacefully with their flock mates and rarely fight. Australorp chickens are easy to train because they are not aggressive.
Buy a few chicken treats and play with them so that they will listen to your commands. After a few days, you will see how they will run towards you.
Both the roosters and hens of this breed walk like kings and queens. Australasian chickens are dual-purpose birds, but they also make beautiful exhibition birds.
If you have lots of trees in your backyard, they will love to graze inside their sheds. Many Australorp strains from hatcheries become significantly less broody, and your flocks may become broody, if you are raising them in your backyard.
Benefits of Raising Australorp chickens
Here are some common advantages of raising Australorp chickens:
- It is a dual-purpose chicken, which will ensure you get a double profit from both eggs and meat.
- The Australorp hens lay more than 250 eggs per year, so you can only keep them for egg production.
- One of the best chickens for beginners is Australorp, so if you are a new chicken breeder, this fowl is best for you.
- If you have kids in your house, they will love to play with them.
- For chicken raisers who live in cold regions, it is one of the most profitable breeds.
- If you want to raise a chicken that’s easy to care for, you can choose Australorps.
- Australorp chickens are also a popular choice as an exhibition bird.
- The Australorp hens rarely go broody, but they make good mothers if you raise them in your backyard.
Care Guide For Australorp Chickens
Australorp chickens are good foragers and best for long yards. You don’t need to give them any special treatment, but, like other chickens, they require appropriate care depending on their characteristics.
Both the Australorp rooster and hens are large-sized chickens, so they require additional space inside the chicken coop compared to other chicken breeds.
Give each chicken at least 2.5 to 3 square feet inside the coop and a 12-15 square foot area in the run area.
It is not necessary to worry about run space if you have large yards. Stress in chickens can be alleviated by giving them some space to enjoy and live stress-free.
The major drawback of calm and docile chickens is that they are quickly attacked and killed by predators. So, it would help if you built a strong fence around your backyard. You can read our guide on the best chicken wire and hardware clothes.
You are embarrassed with multiple predator attacks and if you have already built a standard fence, try to add an electric fence around your yard. So, it will give additional safety for your flocks and cattle.
You can build some chicken grazing boxes and put them on grass, leafy veggies and other greens.
You will see how they enjoy pecking on them. It will help them to live a healthier and stress-free life. My chickens always love to roost on branches of mango trees.
Australorp chickens are cold hardy chickens, so if you live in a tropical climate, you have to provide them with some cooling equipment like coop fans, ventilation, and tree shades.
Australorps are dual-purpose chickens, so you also have to provide suitable space for egg-laying hens. Build some good chicken nesting boxes, or you can buy them ready to use from any nearest store.
Australorps are a good chicken breed for both new and old chicken raisers. This is a beautiful chicken with many benefits for raising.
If you are looking for a new breed for your backyard poultry coop, this is one of the best dual-purpose chicken breeds. Australorp chicks are sold in many hatcheries in the US.
Are you already raising Australorp chickens in your backyard? Share your experience below.