Plymouth Rock Chicken: Breed Guide, Varieties, Colors, Size, Eggs, Images

Plymouth Rock is one of the most popular and historical chicken breeds. This American breed is famous for its eggs and meat.

It is found in lovely colors like Barred, Black, Buff, Columbian, and White recognized varieties. So, we can say it’s a dual-purpose chicken.

It is a full-pack chicken breed with lots of raising benefits. If you want to raise the Plymouth Rock chicken, is it profitable for you?

In this guide, we have explained all about the Plymouth Rock chicken. It includes its breed information, recognized variety, eggs, colors, size, facts, and images.

What is Plymouth Rock Chicken?

Plymouth Rock is a chicken breed mainly used for or both meat and egg production. This chicken originated in the United States.

In America, you can buy Plymouth Rock chicks for about $5-6 dollars. This chicken has few excellent-looking recognized varieties.

History of Plymouth Rock Chicken

Plymouth Rock Hen
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In 1849 Boston, the Plymouth Rock chicken was shown for the first time in exhibitions. After that, it was lost for about 20 years and seen in 1869.

Most of the historical journals and editorials tell that In 1869 this breed was developed using Dominique, Black Java hens, Cochin, and Brahma chickens.

After that, this breed became highly popular in America, and until World War II, the Barred variety of this chicken breed was one of the most popular raising chickens.

APA added the Barred Plymouth Rock chicken to the list of standard breeds in 1874 and the other color varieties added later. 


The life expectancy of Plymouth Rock chicken is about 8-9 years. 

Recognized Variety of Plymouth Rock Chicken

American standards accept only the large fowl. The APA approved 7 large sizes Plymouth Rock varieties- 

  • Barred
  • Blue
  • Buff
  • Columbian
  • Partridge
  • Silver Penciled
  • White
Plymouth Rock Rooster
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Also, there are 8 bantams accepted varieties in Single Comb Clean Legged (SCCL) class by the American Poultry Association-

  • Barred
  • Black
  • Blue
  • Buff
  • Columbian
  • Partridge
  • Silver Penciled
  • White

The ‘Entente Européenne d’Aviculture et de Cuniculture’ has recognized 10 plumage of Plymouth Rock chicken. In contrast, the Poultry Club of Great Britain recognizes the Barred, Black, Buff, Columbian, and White color varieties.

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Plymouth Rock Chicken Vs. Barred Rock Chicken

Most people search for the difference between Plymouth Rock Vs. Barred Rock chicken breed. The Plymouth Rock is a chicken breed, and Barred Rock is a recognized variety of this breed.

The Barred Rock chicken is one of the most popular accepted varieties of Plymouth Rock found worldwide. So, don’t get confused if you see a Barred Rock chicken and understand it’s also the same.

Click here to know all about Barred Rock Chicken.

Egg Production

Plymouth Rock Chicken Grazing
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The Plymouth Rock chicken is a superb dual-purpose chicken, so that you can consider a good amount of eggs from this chicken breed.

Hen of this breed starts laying eggs after 6 months of age and lays about 4-5 large-sized eggs per week. So, you will get about 200-220 eggs on average per year.

You can also check out our list of the best egg-laying chicken breeds.


The Plymouth Rock chickens are very friendly, calm, and docile. They mix very quickly, and kids also love to play with them.

Both the roosters and hens of these chicken breeds are very lovely and easy to handle. It is a good breed for newbie chicken raisers.

Aggressive breeds like Aseel chicken fight and peck at each other, but you will not see any issue like that in in this chicken breed.

They are very friendly with their fellow birds and graze together without fighting. Plymouth Rock chickens love to free-range, so if you have a good space in your backyard, then it’s fantastic for them.

Keep some chicken treats in your home and feed them occasionally. Within a few days, these birds start following you and love to sit on your hands and shoulders.

Plymouth Rock Baby Chicks Young
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Color, Size, Appearance, Characteristics of Plymouth Rock Chicken


The Plymouth Rock Chicken is found in many different color varieties, but the American Poultry Association has only approved 7 types. 

They are Barred, Blue, Buff, Columbian, Partridge, Silver Penciled, White. All the colors of this chicken breed look beautiful, but the Barred one is popular.


This is one of the famous chickens for both egg production and meat

Both the roosters and hens of this breed are solid and heavy chickens. You can easily see this lovely body structure in both bantam and large size birds.

Most of the Plymouth roosters of bantam size weigh around 3.0 lb, whereas the hens weigh 2.5 lb. The standard size male birds weigh about 7.5 lb and females around 6.5 lb. 

Also Read:  Bresse Chicken Breed: Eggs, Size, Temperament, Pictures

You may see some slight difference in your birds’ size because of feed, climate conditions, and breeds.


Plymouth Rock chicken is one of the most beautiful chicken breeds in America. The body shape of this chicken breed is U-shaped.

Because of their genetic code, they are gorgeous and long-life chickens. However, it’s a multi-color plumage, but the skin color is yellow.

The comb, wattles, face, and earlobes are red in color and large in size. Both roosters and hens have yellow beaks.

Plymouth roosters and hens have 5 point comb, fully expanded breast, and four toes on each foot. The legs of this chicken are yellow.

You can see equal white and black barring on male Plymouth Rock chickens, whereas in females, the black barring is larger than white.


Buff Plymouth Rock Recognized Variety
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The Plymouth Rock chicken is one of the popular, friendly chickens, but it is also a farm chicken for business purposes.

This chicken breed can easily live in free-range and can also bear confinement very well. Most of the Plymouth Rock have good egg layer strains, and they also make good mothers.

Both male and female of this chicken breed are non-aggressive. You may see some hens peck on you if you go near their chicks, but that is a normal thing to see.

All the varieties of this chicken are very fluffy and feathered. The rooster’s body looks more sturdy, but hens are also beautiful.

If you want to buy Plymouth Rock chicken for breeding purposes, choose a large size fowl so that you will get good quality baby chicks

The Plymouth Rock chickens are cold hardy birds, so they comfortably live in all low to high cold temperature areas. This breed is sensitive for high-temperature states because of its feathery and heavy body.

Benefits of Raising Plymouth Rock Chicken

Here are some benefits of raising Plymouth Rock chicken – 

  • Plymouth Rock is one of the best options if you are searching for a hassle-free chicken breed for raising in your backyard. 
  • This chicken is very easy to grow, so it is suitable for new chicken raisers to start their chicken farming in a stress-free way.
  • Not only the popular barred variety of Plymouth rock, but all the other colors also look great. If you want to raise a beautiful, friendly chicken, then you can choose this breed.
  • This chicken loves to graze near its owners and very rarely crosses, given the fences. They occasionally fly over the chicken wire and break the rules.
  • Chickens of this breed do not disturb you and your neighbors by loud crowing. Both the roosters and the hens of this breed crows in shallow sound.
  • With all the above pros of this breed, this is a dual-purpose chicken breed. Plymouth Rock hens lay around 220 eggs in a year which is good enough.
  • Also, the weight of standard size Plymouth chickens weigh about 7-9 lb, so it is suitable for meat purposes.
  • If you have kids in your house, they will love to play with this chicken breed. Giving some treats like mealworms makes them crazy and energetic. Also, it will help them to become friendly with you quickly.
  • The Plymouth Rock hens make very caring mothers. They hatch their eggs very effectively and also take care of their baby chicks very nicely.
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Care guide for Plymouth Rock Chicken 

Plymouth Rock Chicken Rooster Standing
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The best thing about Plymouth Rock chicken is this breed needs significantly less maintenance. So, this breed is highly recommended for newbie farmers.

This breed is easy to raise like most of the other chicken breeds. However, this chicken loves cold weather, and because of their little bit heavy body, keeping them in extremely warm climates may be a little bit complicated.

You can also read our guide here: How to keep the chicken coop cool in summer?

Also, as The Plymouth Rock chickens are so friendly, docile, and calm, there is a risk of predators increasing. 

The body weight is also an issue when predators try to catch them because they will not run and maybe killed by them. So, try good fencing around your farm. 

If you live in a forest area, using an electric fence is more suitable for your poultry, birds, and cattle.

Also read: Appenzeller Spitzhauben Chickens


The Plymouth Rock chicken is overall a fantastic chicken for both business and pet purposes. They can easily live inside sheds and love to free-range. 

So, It is up to your house and environment how you want to keep them. Also, If you are a new chicken farmer, this breed is best for you to learn chicken raising and farming efficiently.

It is also best for business purposes because you will get lots of eggs and meat from them. I hope this guide helped you to know all about Plymouth Rock chicken.

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I am Bijaya Kumar and I have been raising chickens for the last 10 years. Backyard poultry farming has been our family business for the last 30 years. We raise multiple chicken breeds in their backyard.

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