Chicken Coop Ventilation: Ideas, Design, Fans, & How To Guide

This article guide explains chicken coop ventilation in detail. It explains how you can ensure ventilation in the chicken coop, it gives you ideas and designs that you can use. Let’s dive into it.

What is Chicken Coop Ventilation?

Chicken coop ventilations are holes in the walls of the chickens’ coops that are either covered in hardware cloth or welded mesh (chicken wire). They let fresh air into the bottom of the coop while the warm stale is let out at the very top of the hen’s house. 

It offers security by keeping snakes and vermin out of the coop. Ventilation in a chicken coop is of two groups: the small vents or pairs of large vents. 

Ventilations are put so that they face away from any prevailing weather to ensure that the air moves freely through the coop, which minimizes drought.

The two types of ventilation for chicken coops:

Passive ventilation: This type of ventilation allows air to naturally flow through the coop without any outside assistance though the wind can drive roof-mounted units.

Active or forced air ventilation: This involves the use of artificial means such as electricity to power the fans, allowing air to flow into the coop. It is expensive because of using electricity. However, there are solar-powered fans in the market.

Importance of Ventilation in Chicken Coop

Below are some of the benefits of ventilating your chicken coop:

1. Eliminates Harmful Ammonia Fumes

Chicken dropping contains a great deal of ammonia which is released into the coop. Ammonia fumes are harmful to your flock because they can lead to irritated eyes, overall poor health, sinuses, respiratory distress, to even death.

High-placed ventilation above the level of the chicken ensures that the ammonia fumes are not trapped inside, and they escape. The best way to determine whether your chicken coop is eliminating ammonia fumes is to smell for ammonia.

If you detect the smell of ammonia near the coop floor, which is similar to the chickens’ height, you need to increase the airflow.

Also read: Best odor eliminator for chicken coop

2. Removes Moisture From the Coop

Chickens generate lots of water vapor through their droppings and breathing because they don’t sweat. The water vapor causes the coop to be humid, and high humidity increases the chances of chickens contracting respiratory illness and frostbite. 

Proper ventilation removes humidity and dampness from the coop. This ensures the chicken will withstand cold temperatures. Frostbite occurs when there are sub-freezing temperatures and moisture. 

It occurs when moisture settles on the wattles, toes, and combs, but keeping the coop ventilated and dry will solve moisture problems.

Also Read:  Top 7 Best Chicken Bedding for Coop & Nesting Boxes

Also read: Best chicken coop beddings

3. Provides Oxygen-Rich Fresh Air

The high respiratory rate of chicken makes them deplete oxygen and produce large amounts of carbon dioxide. Ventilation in the chicken coop ensures that the chicken gets oxygen and the carbon dioxide air is replaced by fresh oxygen-rich air.

4. Reduces Airborne Disease and Microorganisms

High respiratory in chickens makes them susceptible to airborne diseases. Airborne disease organisms build up fast in stagnant air inside the chicken coop, which can infect the entire coop. 

Ventilation in the chicken coop minimizes airborne organisms by allowing fresh air into the coop.

5. Eliminates Respiratory Irritating Dust

Chickens produce lots of dust, and this causes the confined space to be filled with dust particles. 

Chickens have a high respiratory rate and sensitive respiratory systems. For this reason, dust particles need to be removed from the coop keeping the flock healthy.

6. Keeps Your Chicken Coop Cool

Chickens release their heat by breathing which constantly heats the coop. Chickens can handle cold weather, and they do best at low temperatures.

They suffer at high temperatures, which explains why chicken coop ventilation is a must, especially during the warm summer weather.

6. Chicken Coop Ventilation Vs Drafts

The chicken coop ventilation allows outside air into the space removing stale air. Drafts are defined as currents of air that are drawn into the room. 

The air that flows into the coop using ventilation is required while drafts don’t enter through windows. They discover even the smallest cracks and enter through them uninvited. 

Top 5 Best Chicken Coop Ventilation Fan

Here are some amazing chicken coop ventilation fan which will help you to keep your chicken coop cool, fresh and ventilated:

1. iPower 12 Inch Shutter Exhaust Fan

iPower 12 Inch Shutter Exhaust Fan Aluminum High Speed 1620RPM, 940 CFM, 1-Pack, Silver
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1,853 Reviews
iPower 12 Inch Shutter Exhaust Fan Aluminum High Speed 1620RPM, 940 CFM, 1-Pack, Silver
  • APPLICATIONS: This 12 inch shutter/exhaust fan with...
  • INSTALLATION: Can easily be added to a window opening...
  • COOLIN AND GVENTILATION: This industrial grade shutter...
  • RUST PROOF ALUMINUM SHUTTERS: This shutter fan is made...
  • 120 Volts, 60W, 0. 52A, 1620RPM, 940CFM

Last update on 2021-11-14 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

The iPower 12 Inch shutter fan has numerous applications, and it can be used to replace your ac unit or even cool your garage, chicken coop or attic. 

It features an automatic gravity shutter that opens and closes with how the fan operates. It’s easy to install and can be added to an opening in the wall. 

This 65-watt industrial-grade shutter fan will help you solve all your cooling and ventilation needs. The iPower shutter exhaust fan is made with corrosion-resistant aluminum, giving it longevity and preventing rusting of its components.

It has a rotating speed of 1620 RPM, a volume of 940 CFM, a wind speed of 10.5m/s and 60 watts. Also, it runs on a voltage of 115V/60Hz.

Pros

  • Easy to install.
  • It is quiet.
  • It brings in lots of air.

Cons

  • Sharp edges are a safety risk.

2. SAILFLO Shutter Exhaust Fan

SAILFLO Shutter Exhaust Fan 14 Inch Variable Speed Wall Mounted Heavy Duty Aluminum with Power Cord Kit Speed Controller,Vent Fan for Greenhouses Shop Home Attic Garage Shed Ventilation,Black
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1,339 Reviews
SAILFLO Shutter Exhaust Fan 14 Inch Variable Speed Wall Mounted Heavy Duty Aluminum with Power Cord Kit Speed Controller,Vent Fan for Greenhouses Shop Home Attic Garage Shed Ventilation,Black
  • This 14 inch heavy-duty industrial ventilation fan is...
  • SAILFLO 14 inch Exhaust Fan 110 Volts 46W 1570RPM...
  • Multiple speed fan controller for 3 variable speed...
  • Strong enough to blow the shutter open when it’s on....
  • EXHAUST FAN WARRANTY: 1-year limited warranty.And if...

Last update on 2021-11-14 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

This 14-inch industrial ventilation fan is corrosion-resistant. It comes with an enclosed motor, is thermally protected, and is permanently lubricated, which helps with easy maintenance. 

It is widely used in the home attic, welding rooms, chicken coop, and greenhouses. The SAILFLO 14 inch exhaust fan comes with a power cord, a wire connector, and it can be mounted on a window opening or in the wall. 

Also Read:  Chicken Roosting: Types, Need, Space, & DIY Ideas

The multiple-speed fan controller has three variable speed settings of HIGH MED LOW and is adjusted depending on your needs. 

It’s strong enough to blow open the self-closing shutters and protects them from rain and other substances when not in use. This exhaust fan comes with a 1-year warranty. 

It has a rotating speed of 1570 RPM, an air volume of 1341 CFM, 46 watts and a voltage of 110 Volt/60Hz.

Pros

  • Easy to install and maintain.
  • Moves a lot of air.
  • Quiet.

Cons

  • Plastic quality needs improvement.

3. ILIVING 10” Shutter Exhaust Fan

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iLIVING 10' Wall Mounted Shutter Exhaust Fan, Automatic Shutter, with Thermostat and Variable Speed controller, 65W, 820 CFM, 1200 SQF Coverage Area Silver (ILG8SF10V-ST)
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2,082 Reviews
iLIVING 10" Wall Mounted Shutter Exhaust Fan, Automatic Shutter, with Thermostat and Variable Speed controller, 65W, 820 CFM, 1200 SQF Coverage Area Silver (ILG8SF10V-ST)
  • 10 Inch Variable Speed Shutter Exhaust Fan with...
  • UL Listed with speed controllable, permanently...
  • Corrosion-resistant with OSHA compliant wire guards
  • Galvanized steel frame with aluminum shutters and fan...
  • Comes with Variable speeds and thermal control features...

Last update on 2021-11-14 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

This 10 inch variable speed shutter chicken coop exhaust fan has automatic shutters. It is corrosion-resistant with OSHA compliant wire guards and a permanently lubricated motor. 

It features speed controllable, a permanently lubricated motor, a galvanized steel frame with aluminum blades and shutters. Some of its specs are 115 Volts, 65 Watts, 0.6 Amp, 1600 RPM and 820 CFM. 

It has a one-year warranty and it can be mounted on walls.This 10 inch comes with variable speeds and thermal control features. 

The Iliving Shutter Exhaust Fan removes excess heat, moisture and unpleasant moistures from warehouses, chicken coops and greenhouses.

Pros

  • Well made.
  • Easy to install.
  • Worth the price.

Cons

  • Directions for wiring are worthless.

4. VIVOSUN 6 inch Inline Duct Fan

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VIVOSUN 6 inch Inline Duct Fan 240 CFM, HVAC Exhaust Intake Fan, Low Noise & Extra Long 5.5' Grounded Power Cord
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10,823 Reviews
VIVOSUN 6 inch Inline Duct Fan 240 CFM, HVAC Exhaust Intake Fan, Low Noise & Extra Long 5.5' Grounded Power Cord
  • Spec.: Diameter 6 inch, Speed 2960 RPM, Air Flow 240...
  • Upgraded Advantages: Superior balanced blades for long...
  • Household Application: Help to boost airflow from HVAC...
  • Grow Room Application: Used as intake fan to bring...
  • Note: Max Operating Temp of Motor is 130℃ / 266℉;...

Last update on 2021-11-14 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

The 6-inch inline duct fan specifications are a diameter of 6 inches, a speed of 2960 RPM, airflow 240 CFM, power 37W and the voltage is 110/120V. 

It has upgraded advantages such as superior balanced blades for long service life and quiet operation. The motor features are permanently lubricated, which makes it require no maintenance and is quiet. 

It has numerous applications, from boosting the airflow from HVAC units to ventilating stale air in basements and attics.

Pros

  • Low noise level
  • Easy to install
  • Provides lots of air

Cons

  • Power needs improvement.

5. AC Infinity AIRLIFT T10

AC Infinity AIRLIFT T10, Shutter Exhaust Fan 10-inch with Temperature Humidity Controller - Wall Mount Ventilation and Cooling for Sheds, Attics, Workshops
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799 Reviews
AC Infinity AIRLIFT T10, Shutter Exhaust Fan 10-inch with Temperature Humidity Controller - Wall Mount Ventilation and Cooling for Sheds, Attics, Workshops
  • A high-airflow exhaust fan designed to ventilate out...
  • Programmable controller with corded probe, can adjust...
  • Innovative EC-motor with PWM-control maximizes airflow...
  • Features steel shutters, aluminum blades, and IP-44...
  • Fan Size: 10” | Dimensions: 13.0 x 13.0 x 5.9 in. |...

Last update on 2021-11-14 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

The AC Infinity AIRLIFT T10 is a high-airflow exhaust fan designed to ventilate out odor, heat, moisture, and dust from spaces. This features a programmable controller with a corded probe that can be used to adjust the fan’s speed in response to humidity and temperature. 

It has an innovative EC motor with PWM control, maximizing airflow while greatly reducing energy flow and noise levels. 

The steel shutters, aluminum blades and IP-44 that are highly resistant to dust and liquid. Some of its specifications include airflow 631 CFM, noise 67 Dba and dual ball bearings.

Also Read:  Chicken Scratch Feed and Grains: Benefits, Homemade Ingredients

Pros

  • Easy to install
  • High performer
  • Easy to program
  • Very affordable
  • Low noise

Cons

  • The shutter gaps may allow bugs to enter into the fan

Best 7 Chicken Coop Ventilation Ideas and Designs

Here are some of the best chicken coop ventilation ideas and designs that you can DIY and ensure ventilation in the chicken coop.

1. Large Size Mesh Netting Door

chicken coop doors with large mesh
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This chicken coop ventilation idea and design involves the usage of a large-sized mesh netting door.

It’s great because it will allow moist and stale air out of the coop, whereas the oxygen-rich air will flow into the coop using the large size meshes on the lower level of the door. 

It’s a great way to provide maximum coop ventilation, and it’s secure enough to keep your chicken from birds of prey and other animals.

2. Rectangular Shed Windows For Ventilation

window for chicken coop ventilation
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These provide ventilation in the chicken coop by opening to the outside. The shed is closed, and it will require ventilation. 

The rectangular shed windows are large and when opened, they will allow the free flow of air into the shed with so much ease.

3. Skylight on the Top Roof or Side Window

On top of this roof is a skylight window that can be opened, allowing stale air outside while oxygen-rich air through the side way vents. 

The inside shed has a side window and it ensures that the small shed remains ventilated when the chicken is inside.

4. Adjustable Roof on Chicken Coop

How to Build a Chicken Coop
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Source (sunset.com)

Just like its name suggests, this roof is adjustable. It opens to the outside and you need a support stick to determine the angle at which you will raise the roof. You can even have it wide open and let the coop dry.

5. Triangular Ventilation on Both Front and Back

triangular netting for chicken coop air flow ventilation
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This chicken coop is triangular and so are its ventilation that are at the front and the back. They have meshed and their height is from the middle of the coop to the roof’s highest point.

6. Extra Holes for Chicken Coop Ventilation

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Source (Backyardchickens.com)

These are extra holes drilled in the chicken coop to ensure that there is increased ventilation. 

You can create as many holes as you like so that your chicken can get all the air they want. It also gives the chicken coop a great deal of appearance and design.

7. Using an Exhaust Fan on the Chicken Coop Wall

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Source (communitychickens.com)

This ventilation idea and design involves mounting an exhaust fan on the chicken wall coop. It is installed on the window to draw the moist and stale air out while it easily allows the free flow of air into the coop. 

It is an ingenious way of increasing ventilation in the coop if you have concerns installing chicken coop ventilation. 

A single fan can do the job. It needs to be well-positioned and installed to bring in air from the outside.

FAQs on Chicken Coop Ventilation

Do you need chicken coop ventilation in winter?

Yes. Chicken coop ventilation in winter is important because it helps to remove odor and moisture build-up. These are hard to rectify especially during winter. The ridge vents in the chicken coop need to remain open all year long.

Does your chicken coop need an exhaust fan in summer?

Yes. During the summer, temperatures increase and therefore, your chicken needs to cool off. The heated summer is a recipe for heatstroke, and to ensure it doesn’t happen, you need to ventilate your chicken coop as much as possible. This may include installing an exhaust fan to help your chicken cool off.

Can adding more chicken coop vents be an alternative to a ventilation fan?

Yes. So long as the vents allow free airflow into the coop, they can be an alternative to ventilation fans that are costly to purchase and maintain.

What are the benefits of cross ventilation in chicken coop?

Cross ventilation ensures there is sufficient flow of air because an opening which can either be a door or window allows stale air to go out through it. 

While fresh air gets into the coop using another opening. Stale air and fresh air don’t have to mix using a cross ventilation in a chicken coop.

What is the best direction for chicken coop airflow?

Your chicken coop ventilation air system needs to be put in a position facing the origin of the fresh air. Chickens sleep while facing in the direction of the wind and weather. Thus, your ventilation should follow that direction. 

However, remember to build your chicken coop in the east to west direction because it is the best direction of wind flow in most of the countries and also it is the appropriate direction for morning and evening sunlight.

Summary

I hope this guide has shed light on everything you need to know about ventilation in the chicken coop. If you use this guide to the latter, you are sure your chicken coop will be properly ventilated, and your chicken will remain healthy.

Chicken Coop Ventilation: Ideas, Design, Fans, & How To Guide
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