The New Hampshire Chicken is an American breed developed in 1910 in the New England states, and now the breeders select them as dual-purpose birds.
It’s a popular breed because of its early maturing and fast-growing, fast feathering, they serve as a good table bird, and their hens have good laying ability. Due to the features mentioned above of this chicken breed, they are in huge demand.
If you want to raise this New Hampshire Chicken Breed, you must know detailed information. To have that, one needs to gain proper guidance.
In this New Hampshire Chicken complete breed guide, you will get proper and accurate information essential for breeding this awesome fowl.
What is New Hampshire Chicken?
- 1 What is New Hampshire Chicken?
- 2 Common Names of New Hampshire Chicken
- 3 History of New Hampshire Chickens
- 4 Lifespan of New Hampshire Chicken
- 5 Egg Production
- 6 Temperament of New Hampshire Chicken
- 7 Color, Size, Appearance, Characteristics of New Hampshire Chicken
- 8 Benefits of Raising New Hampshire Chickens
- 9 Problems in Raising New Hampshire Chickens
- 10 Caring and Raising Tips for New Hampshire Chickens
- 11 Summary
As the name reveals, New Hampshire is a type of chicken breed that originated in the state of New Hampshire of the United States.
New Hampshire chickens produce more meat but less egg than their parent chicken breed (Rhode Island Red). It was 1st standardized by the American Poultry Association in 1935.
Common Names of New Hampshire Chicken
The New Hampshire Chicken is also known as New Hampshire Red, which originates in New Hampshire of the United States.
History of New Hampshire Chickens
The New Hampshire chicken breed was developed in 1915 in New Hampshire of the United States from a strain of Rhode Island Red. The newly formed breed was admitted to the American Standard of Perfection in 1935.
It represents a selection, especially out of Rhode Island Red Breed. After that, by intensive selection for early maturity and vigor, fast weathering, rapid growth, a different breed gradually emerged.
This event took place in the New England States, mainly in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, where it derived its name.
Lifespan of New Hampshire Chicken
The life expectancy of this New Hampshire is around seven years.
The New Hampshire Red is a dual-purpose chicken breed mainly raised for eggs. But nowadays, this is a popular meat bird. Each hen produces 250-280 eggs per year which roughly equates to about five eggs per week. Their eggs are large tinted in color.
The color of the egg mainly depends upon the strain of New Hampshire hen that you owe in your flock.
But, in general, most of them lay eggs with a brown shell. They lay roughly medium-sized eggs, and the bird continues to lay eggs, and they are happy with it at any part of the year.
The New Hampshire chickens often go broody frequently and are good setters. If they are allowed to hatch on their own, they become good mothers too.
Some breeds of this New Hampshire Chicken often accept baby chicks of other hens too under them, but this property varies from hen to hen.
Temperament of New Hampshire Chicken
They have different personalities; some of them are calm and docile, while others are very aggressive. The New Hampshire chickens are family-friendly birds, and they seem like great pets as you can tame them easily.
Most New Hampshire Reds are aggressive toward food, and they are willing to push and nudge their flock mates away from their path, and it’s not good if you already have docile, shy chicken breeds in your flock.
To stop or reduce their bullying behavior, you can opt to have several feeding sessions, and the feeding should be done apart from each other.
As their personalities vary greatly, so be aware that they can be docile and lovable or unfriendly and aggressive. Please read our guide on how many hens per rooster do you need for keeping flocks stress-free.
Color, Size, Appearance, Characteristics of New Hampshire Chicken
Color and Appearance
The skin color of the New Hampshire chickens is yellow, and their sizes are roughly the same as Rhode Island Red, but their body is triangular.
They have a deep broody body, and so people consider them as a large round meaty bird, and you can use the word plump for them.
The coloration of feathers is different from the Rhode Island Red, and their feathers usually have a lighter shade of red. Still, the Rhode Island Red coloration is mahogany, and the New Hampshire Red has a chestnut shade and has pale yellow highlights.
New Hampshire Chickens have shaded red color feathers and a lighter shade of red in sunlight. Their neck feathers and tail feathers have black-tip.
They have light salmon color under their feathers. They have a single red comb which floppy with the hen. The color of the wattles and ear lobes is also red. Their eyes are orange, and their beak is reddish horn color.
Their shanks are clean, and a reddish line runs down the shanks to the toes, while the color of the shanks and toes are yellow.
New Hampshire Red are medium-sized birds, and they weigh around 6 to 8 pounds, and the bantam version of this breed is also available, and the bantam generally weighs around 30 to 34 ounces.
2 Varieties of New Hampshire chicken are available in the market – Blue-tailed New Hampshire Chicken and White New Hampshire chicken.
The blue-tailed New Hampshire chickens are extremely rare and were created in Holland. At the same time, the white New Hampshire chicken breed is common in the United States.
This chicken breed matures early, and their feather grows at a faster rate as compared to other chicken breeds.
They have a deep and broad body. New Hampshire chickens are often prone to go broody. Many chickens of this breed have pin feathers with a reddish, brownish buff color.
Their color is medium-light red which fades in the sunshine. New Hampshire chickens possess a single comb whose size ranges from medium to large.
In females, their combs often lop over a bit. They are a good layers of chicken, but people raise them for meat requirement.
Benefits of Raising New Hampshire Chickens
They have a variety of personalities. Some of them have a calm nature, while others are very aggressive. But most of them are docile and are curious.
You can raise New Hampshire chicken either a free-range system or confined region. These are robust, which means they are sturdy hens, and they have no major problems, as noted in the health department.
This chicken is a good dual-purpose bird but peoples using it as meat chicken. Also, New Hampshire’s are pretty good layers. They are gorgeous, not noisy, and are very friendly and hardy.
Problems in Raising New Hampshire Chickens
The main problem associated with the raising of New Hampshire Chicken is that they eat a lot and are not the best mothers.
Also, most of the chickens of this variety are aggressive and are competitive with other chickens. Otherwise, it’s an awesome fowl.
Caring and Raising Tips for New Hampshire Chickens
Here are some of the tips, which you should consider before raising this breed of chicken-
- This variety of chickens can withstand high temperatures, but they require a shaded area to rest.
- They are free-range chickens, so provide them a lawn or backyard to graze.
- Provide them quality feed with huge protein to ensure better meat and egg quality.
- Keep the coop warm during winters.
- Increase the diet of this New Hampshire chicken during winters because only they lay most eggs.
- It will help if you do regular health checkups for parasites and other problems regularly. Here is our guide on the best chicken dewormers.
If you plan to raise chickens for dual purposes, then New Hampshire Red is one of the best chickens for your backyard.
Most of the chicken raisers prefer this breed, as they are not too noisy and are happy to forage around your yard, searching for tasty treats.
This fowl has a beautiful plumage and is in demand in the United States. They are thrifty birds and are worthy if you consider raising it truly for dual purpose hen.
Earlier, they lived in the shadows of the Rhode Island Red, but now they have proven to be a special breed of themselves, and now they are receiving the honor they deserve.
What’s your experience with New Hampshire Red chickens in your backyard. Comment below. We love to hear your thoughts on it.