10 Types of Black Chickens (Small, Medium and Large Breeds)

Do you want to know about raising black chickens? Its unusual to your chicken coop. Right? If yes, then this guide will help you a lot.

So, lets understand how these types of black chicken breeds are, and it will suits your backyard chicken farming or not?

What are Black chickens?

Black chickens are entirely black, both on the outside and inside.

These black chickens are a unique type of breed, but you’re not going to mistake it for anything else. It is black and features feathers with a metallic shine. It even has black skin, black feathers, and a black beak.

This is unusual anyway. All its bones and the inner organs are also black in few black chickens. So, these are also known as dark meat chickens.

There are a few beautiful black chickens, although for your pleasure, we have outlined here to showcase some.

We can see most of those black chicken breeds in private sales. There are many other black chicken breeds and they’re much rarer but not easier to identify, and so are costly!

We hope you all enjoy list of all 10 black chickens or maybe for one and two of such ‘black beauties’ you have with your flock.

Also read: List of Largest Chicken Breeds (With Pictures)

10 Popular Types of Black Chickens with Pictures and Breed information

So, lets start the list of 10 types of black chickens-

1. Black Shumen Chicken

Black Shumen Chicken
Black Shumen Chicken

A Black Shumen is also an old black chicken breed been available throughout the Bulgarian Shumen region. These are crossed to Minorca chickens and in the middle of the twentieth century, or afterward, briefly, to Redbirds from Rhode Island.

This is regarded as a rare breed. In 2013, the populace of this chicken found to be was only 350.

The Black Shumen does have the qualities of Mediterranean chicken, having big combs or wattles, or being chickens that mature early.

The hens of this breed often have drooping combs and are great, significantly larger white egg layers. They mature early and lay eggs weight about 53–55gm for each year lay 160–170 grayish-white eggs.

The bird comes only in the colored-variety of black, and it has a single comb or slate-blue legs. In reality, a Black Shumen in everything resembles a black Minorca but varies in having red earlobes conversely, as well as a smaller body.

Also Read:  Salmon Faverolle Chicken (Complete Breed Guide with Images)

2. Valdarno chicken

Valdarno black chicken
Black Valdarno chicken

A Valdarno is a dual intent black chicken breed from the bottom section of a Valdarno, the valley of an Arno River, and in Tuscany, central Italy.

Throughout the 20th century, it has gone virtually extinct; however, the populace is recovery. It is an entirely distinct breed from the Valdarnese, originating and in upper Valdarno, or white.

A Valdarno is black, also with lights dark green. The legs are of dark color of slate, with beak also being black. The skin is white, and the comb red in average size, having 5–6 points. The wattles are medium-longer or red, white with oval ear-lobes or white ceramics.

The mean weight for cocks is the 2.5–2.8 kilograms, for hens, 2.0–2.3 kilograms. Eggs are white & weigh 55 gm or more. For cocks, the ring length is 18 mm, for hens, it is 16 mm.

They lay about 180-200 eggs a year. Valdarnos feather up and expand fast, and once they are only five months old, hens lay eggs.

3. Orpington chicken

Orpington chicken
Black Orpington chicken

An Orpington is a Chicken breed from Britain. William Cook bred this with Orpington throughout the end of the nineteenth century, and in Kent in south-east England.

This was bred for double-purpose; to be still raise by people for both meat and eggs, but shortly became the show bird only.

For Orpingtons, there will be two similar yet distinct standards. The first is published by Great Britain’s Poultry Club or demands a weight of 3.60 to 4.55 kilograms for cocks or 2.70 to 3.60 kilograms for hens.

Orpingtons lay approximately 175 to 200 light-brown eggs per year, small to large.

4. Ancona chicken

Ancona chicken
Ancona chicken

Ancona is a black chicken breed that began through Italy’s Marche region and was bred throughout the nineteenth century, primarily and in the United Kingdom, towards its current type. It is titled after Marche capital, a city of Ancona.

It is widely known in Britain and the United States but unusual in Italy; an initiative was initiated in 2000 to restore that to its native area or maintain its biodiversity. Also, there are bantams in Ancona.

A typical Mediterranean breed, an Ancona, is rustic, lively, or hardy. Birds are wide-ranging and flying effortlessly.

A plumage is black with white mottling. About one in three feathers have white labeling in v-shape form also at the tip. It must have white tips for all primaries, sickles, or tail-feathers. The black feather is dyed beetle-green.

The standard weight is: Roosters weigh 2.5 kg and Hens weigh 2 kg.

5. Ayam Cemani Chicken

Ayam Cemani chicken
Ayam Cemani chicken

Ayam Cemani is a rare and relatively modern Indonesian chicken breed-related with Kadaknath Indian cousins. They get a dominant gene causing hyperpigmentation (fibromelanosis), making a chicken predominantly black, such as feathers, beak, or internal organs.

Also Read:  Wyandotte Chicken (Complete Breed Guide with Images)

They appear black with their beaks or tongues, black combs or wattles, and even their meat, bones and organs. The Ayam Cemani’s blood is usually colored. The birds’ black color comes from excess tissue skin tone, induced by a genetic situation recognized as fibromelanosis. This gene is discovered too in some certain breeds of black fowl.

The roosters weigh 2 to 2.5 kilograms and hens as 1.5 to 2 kg. Despite being inefficient setters, hens lay cream-colored eggs and rarely hatch their brood. Eggs weigh about 45 g average.

6. Silkie chicken

Silkie chicken
A small black silkie and her chicks on a white background

A Silkie is a chicken breed called for its sweet way or fluffy plumage, which looks like silk and satin. The species has several unique qualities from each foot, such as black skin or bones, blue ear lobes, and five toes, although most chickens only have four.

Silkies, they’ve been named fluff-balls, those certain-world aliens, teddy bears, and several other things around between.

They are strange-looking chickens!

Their mysterious presence, friendliness, and mothering abilities are certain that endear them to people all around.

And for large portion fowl silkie weights are 2 kg for cock, & 1.3 kg for hen. It’s classed as a smooth-feather light breed. Weights are slightly lower throughout the United States being 1 kg Male, or 900 gm for female.

7. White Crested Black Polish

White Crested Black Polish chicken
White Crested Black Polish with white background

A White Crested Black Polish chicken represents a striking colored contrast to their lustrous black body plumage and several black feathers with white crests. Some little chicks to their black bodies or white “top hats” will be cunning.

You would be delighted with these beautiful black chickens, which are both useful and attractive.

The Polish are not very well recognized these days for their egg-laying ability, yet they generally lay a significant number of eggs, about 200 eggs per year.

They may be nervous or flighty, but it is generally attributed to bird’s visual issues with head feathering.

Speaking or whistling about your approach to a bird will warn them you’re coming, and they’ll be less likely to startle.

8. Minorca chicken

Minorca black chicken
Black Minorca chicken

The Minorca, Spanish: Menorquina, Catalan: Gallina de Menorca is the breed of domestic black chicken from Menorca’s Mediterranean island, throughout the Balearic Islands to the south-east of Spain.

This is a well-known showcase bird in several countries worldwide, but is an endangered breed mostly on an island with Menorca, and is being regarded as one with extinction.

Minorca is a middle scale breed throughout the Spain, to uniformly shiny greenish-black plumage. Cocks weigh 2.8 kg and hens around 2.2 kg.

Their back is almost horizontal, and the tail is sloping. A comb, face, and wattles are brighter red color. The comb is smooth or single, to six excellently defined points; it’s upright in cocks and yet falls to one edge in hens.

Also Read:  Cochin Chicken (Complete Breed Guide with Images)

Minorca often are maintained as an ornamental breed. This is an egg-laying breed, as a farm bird. Hens lay early, at around 26 weeks, and offer about 120 egg masses the year. Eggs weigh upwards of 65 g from of the hen’s 57th week.

9. Kadaknath chicken

Kadaknath black chicken

Kadaknath, also known as Kali Masi (“black flesh fowl”), is an Indian chicken breed linked to an Ayam Cemani, its Indonesian cousin.

The Kadaknath is typical for its adaptability, including its grey-black meat that is assumed to instill strength. It is melanin that causes its color.

Kadaknath birds have over grey-black and greenish iridescence plumage of gold. Throughout the legs or toenails, comb, beak, tongue, and wattles, the grayish-black color are available where only the meat, bones, and organs have a gray color.

Kadaknath has several uses, like it boosts resistance in the elderly. Further, it has a rich profile that can assist curb asthma or tuberculosis. Therefore, it outshines the iron content that improves hemoglobin or RBC.

10. Sumatra chicken

Sumatra black chicken
Sumatra chicken

Picture source: Wikimedia

A Sumatra is a Chicken breed native to Indonesia’s Sumatra Island. Such chickens were initially shipped into the United States and Europe from Sumatra through 1847 as fighting cocks for entertainment purposes, and yet today, a breed is mainly kept for exhibition. 1883 will be the year of admission of a Sumatra to an American standard of excellence.

Sumatras are mainly ornamental breeds kept for their appealing plumage. They are mostly a lustrous black with the green shine all over the body or tail. A breed comes in variants of white and blue, and the unstandardized splash, a natural result with blue chickens breeding.

Poultry fancy embraced a Black Sumatra, including its long, flowing, low tail, beetle green shine, gypsy-colored face (black to purple), black shanks to yellow soles, or many spurs with often three spurs from each leg.

Cocks weigh 2.25–2.7 kg and the hens weigh approximately 1.80 kg. Hens lay with an annual total of roughly 100 white eggs per year and are highly susceptible to bruising.

Conclusion

Raising a black chicken breed can be a necessary experience if you love birds. It is also a source of enjoyment, and as a family, you can learn much about responsibility.

The guide on types of black chickens as briefed above can help you raise your own high-quality black chicken breeds in your backyard.

For any instance of query on types of black chicken comment below this article. Hope you liked this article. Thanks for reading.

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