Raising baby chicks is a very tricky process if you don’t know the correct method. If you are a chicken farmer, this guide will help you grow your chicks into coop chickens.
Good chicks growing techniques lead to profitable business and good chicken health. It’s no matter if your chicken is a broiler or a free range chicken breed.
Just know the correct caring tips of your chicks.
In this article, we have explained all about best chicks raising techniques, required equipment, step by step.
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Receiving chicks from a hatchery
- 3 Require cares for growing baby chicks
- 4 Watch the Raising phase of Chicken
- 5 Major equipments required in raising a chicken: Chicken farm materials
- 5.1 Hardware cloth on the upper half:
- 5.2 Brooder light and Red light bulb:
- 5.3 Thermometer:
- 5.4 Food container with different sizes: Feeders
- 5.5 Water containers: Drinkers
- 5.6 Bedding:
- 5.7 A place to keep brooder and chicks:
- 5.8 Clean water:
- 5.9 Chick savers are an essential medicine and vitamins for weak chicks.
- 6 How long does it take to raise baby chicks: Week by Week Raising Baby Chicks
Whole chicken farming business is depending on proper care of chicks. A minor mistake in an initial stage may increase chick’s mortality rate, which may cause a loss in business.
It’s not only about business sometime it’s also our love and affection towards your chicken flocks. Getting a chicken is very easy, but growing chicks is the same as growing a baby.
From receiving chicks to selling off chickens, every step has its own importance. So, following good chicks management practices leads to successful chicken farming.
Receiving chicks from a hatchery
Most of the farmers buy chicks from their local hatcheries. Before buying chicks you must have to understand what to do and what not.
Dos before buying chicks from hatchery
Always do these things before ordering chicks-
- Buy chicks only from the nearest hatcheries.
- Always buy good quality chicks.
- Check the quality of chicks by visiting the hatcheries.
- Always ensure they already treated chicks with Newcastle disease killed vaccines.
- In winter, tell hatchery to deliver your chicks in the morning or daytime.
- In summer, take delivery in early morning and night.
Don’t do when buying chicks
Don’t do these things when receiving chicks-
- Never buy chicks from very distant hatcheries. It may cause dehydration and early mortality in chicks.
- Don’t buy chicks from small hatcheries, even if they were selling chicks at a lower price. Low quality chicks may have growth retardation problems.
- Don’t accept delivery in day time. Take delivery in only morning or night because it’s a cool time.
- Never allow outsiders in chicks receiving place, because it may cause contamination from other areas to your farm.
Things to ready before arriving of chicks
Ready your chicks shed before one week of chicks arrive. Below we will tell you in points: How can you ready the poultry shed before arriving of chicks to your farm?
- After removing all old flocks, throw away the droppings or litter in that shed in your litter dumping area. Dumping area must be at least 2-3 miles away from your shed or as per government rules and regulations.
- First clean all the spider nets and dusts inside the shed.
- Then use insecticides to kill and avoid unwanted growth of insects.
- After that, spray detergent spray and properly clean the floor and its corners.
- Remove all equipment, feeders and drinkers and clean them separately from 140 ppm chlorine water.
- Then do formalin fumigation. Trained personnel must do it. The fumigated shed must be sealed for 24 hours. Must do ventilation to reduce formalin levels to 2ppm.
- Then spread new litter and do formalin fumigation again.
- Now clean all outside areas using disinfectant sprays and 3% formalin.
Best disinfectant for poultry online
How to take delivery of chicks on your farm?
On the chick’s delivery day you have to do some important things like-
- Ready for the brooder guard or brooding circle area. Its diameter must be 3 meters for every 250 chicks.
- Use ½ to 1 feet height litter in a broader area and on spread two layers of papers.
- Close the curtains of the sled to maintain a warm temperature.
- After the arrival of chicks first check their condition and count the number of dead chicks.
- After opening chicks boxes, put the chicks inside brooder and on the brooding lights and maintain temperature about 75 degree Fahrenheit.
- Put some corn feed in the paper, so they learn to peck.
- Give feeder and drinker inside the brooder. In starting give pre-starter feed to your chicks, and mix electrolyte in water.
- If you see watery diarrhea, use poultry probiotic powder in feed or water.
- Keep small and weak chicks in another brooder to recover.
- If you see any more health issues in your chicks talk to your vet as soon as possible.
Require cares for growing baby chicks
To take care of the chicks best, it helps to understand what is happening in this crucial first week after hatching. The chicks are putting aside the yolk nutrition, adapting to the unfamiliar environment, and learning to eat and drink.
Your task is to help them face all these challenges in the best way. This will establish the foundation of their health throughout their lives.
There should be required to care following conditions:
- Perfect temperature balance in the brooder.
- An environment that encourages the chick to be curious and hungry.
- Nutrition for newly hatched chicks.
- Additional nutrients that increase the disease resistance and energy of the chicks.
- Clean water/hydration.
- May some probiotics required for gut health.
- Emergency nutritional supplements to strengthen weak chickens.
The newly hatched chicks need a pleasantly warm environment, starting at 95 to 99 degrees Fahrenheit for the first week, then decreasing each week until the chicks are fully feathered. Also, the incubator should have a temperature range allowing the chicks to maintain comfort and health.
Each container should contain an area for heating, usually the area in which the heat source is closest. Chicks should also have an area of brooding where they can escape the heat if it is too much for them and remain free of drafts.
Placing a deliberate source of heat in the middle of the brooding area allows the chicks to approach or move away from the source as needed.
Watch the Raising phase of Chicken
Understand that their environment is working for them or not. While chicks living in too cold will not eat, chicks that are too hot will dehydrate. Both situations are a problem for chicks, so make sure the baby chicks are warm and comfortable.
Chicks do best in groups of over 250 chicks in one brooder. Just as it is tempting to keep baby chicks together, there are reasons more babies mean learn faster. Baby chicks energize each other and encourage eating and drinking.
It triggers natural curiosity when they see others eating and drinking. Sleeping or disinterested chicks wake up and become more energetic if their peers bumble them.
However, care should be taken that all chicks babies are eating and drinking well and smaller, milder chicks grow. If you notice that some are not gaining weight, divide them into two groups – one containing leading chicks – can help everyone get their share.
Major equipments required in raising a chicken: Chicken farm materials
The first food that baby chicks get is the most important thing. All chicks should have a pre-starter feed and a high-quality brooder. Make sure that the chick starter or brooder uses it for the first weeks with an anticoccidial agent, such as amprolium.
Also read: Complete guide on Chicken Brooding
Hardware cloth on the upper half:
You will also have to cover the top with something that will allow the chickens to circulate but will also protect against predators (cats, dogs, etc.). The chicks grow fast, and soon they flap their wings and fly and do not escape from their safe habitat.
Brooder light and Red light bulb:
You can buy light and bulbs at the local store. The red bulb is more suitable because the white bulbs can dazzle and distract the young chick that is trying to sleep. The lamp has a clamp attached. You can attach it directly to a constructed container.
It may be bought from a local agricultural store should have thermometers specific to brooders. Using them will help monitor and regulate the correct temperature in the brooder.
Food container with different sizes: Feeders
You may use the base of eggs cartoon as a feeder, but remember that the chicks will move and jump, probably knocking them over and making a mess.
In petty cash, it may buy commercial feeders for little chicks. The upper and lower parts curl safely, resulting in a smaller mess if it knocks them over.
Chick starter feed recommends because chick babies start to live. Commercially produced it enriches chicken feed with vitamins and minerals to support healthy growth and development.
Always keep food for the chicks inside the brooder. You can see the instructions mentioned on the bag for feeding time. Check the food and container regularly and keep it clean.
Water containers: Drinkers
It is best to use an open container, such as a plastic bowl. As mentioned in the food container, the chicks will move and can knock it over, causing a cluttered mess. As with food, always water is available for the chicks. Keep it clean.
Keep containers for food and water at the opposite ends of the brooder and away from the heating lamp.
We can use many things for bedding – newspapers, paper towels, and pine shavings are common. The chicks will eat, drink, and sleep here, so it is essential to keep them clean.
If using pine chips, do not create a thickness in which the chicks will be “lost.” It is enough to cover the hatchery floor enough for small chicks.
A place to keep brooder and chicks:
Keep the chicks in the brooder under a heating lamp for 5 – 6 weeks before they are ready to live in a coop.
It is essential to set the brooding container in a place free of drafts and safe from predators (cats, dogs, etc.). A basement or a spare room in your home are secure places.
They will need constant care during their brooding phase. Baby chicks will grow fast, but they may be sloppy.
Little chicks like grown-up chickens like to scratch the bedding. This creates fine dust that can be in the air and get into the stuff. Remember this by choosing a location.
A good, complete starter or breeder feed for chicks in the first week will provide almost everything they need nutrition. Remember not to cut it with seeds and delicacies.
However, this food must be digested, and its digestion depends partly on good bacteria in the digestive tract of the chicks. Encourage the use of nutrients and discourage coccidiosis with probiotics.
Once a week offer some yogurt a teaspoon or sprinkle probiotic powder. On the feed, it helps in improving the health of the intestines of the chicks.
Clean water is one of the crucial requirements for raising chicks, which most people do not see and then have to remedy.
The baby chickens are Klutzes. While they learn to control these long legs, they often end up walking in the stern, followed by feed and water.
It is essential to make sure that their water is always fresh and clean. Lift the sucker above the floor by 1 inch to stop the chicks from entering and contaminating the water.
Pure freshwater encourages chickens and encourages them to drink more frequently and increase their volume. Hydrated chicks are healthy and energetic, likely to become healthy adults.
Chick savers are an essential medicine and vitamins for weak chicks.
Anyone who grows chicken should have a product in the kit box, such as Save-A-Chick or Doultry Nutri-Drench powder.
These products are mandatory for anyone who raises chickens, and for adults, chickens are not an objection. These are vitamin products that can be temporarily used in water or dropped to the side of the beak.
Both products contain supported nutrients for raising chickens, vitamin B, an essential vitamin for infants who lose their vitality or are under stress.
Vitamin B will not only stimulate energy, but it will also increase the appetite, it is a real salvation for any chick that may not have the power to eat differently.
Having these products in the cupboard will also benefit adult chickens if they ever lose their vigor or refuse to eat or drink.
How hard is it to raise baby chicks? Raising baby chicks is not complicated or painful. Knowing these secrets in the real health of the chicks means that the chicks will get the start needed for a strong foundation and lifelong life and savings.
How long does it take to raise baby chicks: Week by Week Raising Baby Chicks
After hatching, the baby eats a yolk sac for 72 hours. This will give them all the food they need, which will allow hatcheries to send their day-old chicks. After 72 hours, their yolk blisters have disappeared, and they need food and water.
Small chicks under one week of age will have to keep at 90 degrees F.
When you take the chicks for the first time, dip the beaks in the water to “teach” them to drink. Do the same with food. They are addictive creatures and will quickly learn this life skill.
Keep the bedding clean from moisture and pooh. For the first week of life, the chicks will sleep a little.
Reduce the temperature of the brooder by 5 degrees to 85 degrees F. Raising the discharge lamp by a few centimeters will help achieve this.
Chicks should always have access to an enormous amount of food and water. It allows them to eat and drink when they want and helps them grow into healthy chickens. Keep food free from moisture and pooh. Clean or replace the bedding material.
The feathers will start replacing “fluff” on the growing baby chicks. As they grow, they have a natural craving to bury. Consider adding perch to the chicks. It can easily make one with three minor branches, placing them in the “H” shape.
Interact with the chicks. This will help them become familiar with you and learn to trust you.
Reduce the temperature of the brooder by a further 5 degrees to 80 degrees F. Keep accessing an extensive amount of clean food and freshwater. Clean or replace the bedding material.
As the chicks grow, switch to a larger container if it seems that the chicks are crowded. A lot more feathers start appearing on chicks.
How much to raise the heat lamp with baby chicks? Reduce the temperature of the brooder by a further 5 degrees to 75 degrees F. or raise the heat lamp an additional few inches higher to achieve this.
Continue to keep food and water for chickens all the time. Keep food clean from moisture and pooh. Replace water if necessary.
If necessary, clean or change the bedding.
As long as the temperature does not down below 60 degrees F, you can remove the heat lamp. This time you can move the container to another place, if appropriate. Maybe a garage or a ban instead of at home. Just assure that the temperature does not drop below 55 degrees F.
Adult feathers begin to appear on chicks.
After the starter feed ends, start mixing it with some finishing dishes. Continue to provide them sufficient food and water to help them grow. Clean or change the bedding. Add another perch.
If the weather allows, you can move the baby chicks outside. It is best to keep them in a fenced area. Make sure that they enter the cage at night. Close the door at night to protect it from predators.
Chickens are addictive creatures. Routine chicks will help them know what to do in the evening. Once they learn this habit, you can let them release coverage during the day. They will return to the coop every night at the same time.
Start putting kitchen waste into its diet. Lettuce, tomatoes and strawberry tops turned out to be the favorite of the chickens.
Week 7th to 15th:
Now, when the chickens live outside, they will scratch the ground and eat delicacies, such as worms, insects, and grass. Feed them to finish their food at least twice a day to help them grow. Also, continue to give them kitchen scraps. Give them fresh water every day.
They will meet you and trust in you. Growing chicks get to know their daily routine. Let nature go in the way and be happy that your flock of chickens is flourishing.
16th to 19th week:
Put something in one of the brooding boxes to encourage egg-laying. Some use a plastic egg, and others use rock. You have an idea.
When the chickens finish eating the food, start mixing them with the layer feed. After completing the food, they will be on the layer of food. Feed them twice a day (morning and afternoon). Change water daily or, making sure that you always have access to water.
During this time, they should lay eggs. The first time you will feel the result of harvesting, of raising chicks in the form of eggs. Smile and be happy. Enjoy fresh eggs and chickens on the farm!