How to Clean a Chicken Coop and Run with Dirt?

How to clean a chicken coop? Cleaning and disinfecting poultry houses and the run area is the initial problem of most newbie chicken raisers. 

If you have this question this guide will help you know all about disinfecting and cleaning a chicken coop with dirty floors.

Most of the chicken farmers are curious to learn about a few easy steps to clean and disinfect chicken coops. Cleaning chicken coops and other equipment like nesting boxes, drinkers, feeders, brooder guards are most important in poultry farming.

You also need to clean electric equipment like brooding machines, bulbs, heaters, to maintain the biosecurity in chicken farms.

Also read: Best 7 Chicken Coop Rake (For Cleaning Chicken Poop)

Benefits of Cleaning A Chicken Coop

Cleaning a chicken coop after every batch of chickens is best for your flock’s health, growth, and productivity. Regular cleaning of coops removes all bacteria, viruses, and bad smells from the surface.

But knowing the proper methods of cleaning chicken coop dangers using a good disinfectant is most important. So, hygiene and health are the major reasons for which you should clean the chicken coop regularly. 

Keeping the coop clean helps to prevent various infectious diseases. It also saves you hard invested money by stopping any type of fatal unexpected disease. 

What Are the Benefits of Cleaning Chicken Coop
  • Save

Here are some amazing benefits of cleaning and sanitizing a chicken coop:

1. Good Chicken Hygiene

Healthy chickens are usually found in a healthy environment. You can keep your chickens in the best shape by preventing bacteria and viruses that cause various diseases. 

Also, people and companies like to buy clean chickens, not flocks with poopy and muddy wings (recommended chicken poop cleaner) and wet feathers.

A clean, beautiful, and healthy chicken is a sign of good poultry farming. You will get more eggs and meat if you keep them healthy. 

So, overall it gives you profit in your chicken farming business.

2. Disease Prevention

Prevention of disease is always better than cure. Wet chicken coop floors, spider webs, dust on the hardware cloth, walls help bacteria, viruses, and insects to spread various diseases in the poultry.

So, cleaning a chicken coop will directly stop these types of diseases in flocks. Always remember to clean the coop properly after selling every batch of chickens.

If you are not able to do that, at least try to clean your chicken coop and run area once in a month to avoid any contamination.

3. Keeps Away Foul Smell

The foul smell of the chicken coop is very irritating for you and your neighbors. This is also a major reason for which you should clean your chicken coop clean.

You will never want to live in a house with poop at one corner, and your hens, roosters also feel this same. Foul smell mainly occurs in chicken coops when litter inside the sheds is not changed for a long time. 

Also Read:  Can Chickens and Ducks Live Together? Know The Compatibility

In the rainy season if the chicken coop floor bedding is not changed every month your coop will cause a very bad smell. 

Changing of litter is most important every month if you are adding a new batch of chickens every month, if not then you can change litter after every 2 months.

In the rainy season, try to keep litter dry by avoiding rainwater inside the coop. In heavy rain, you can cover open areas using tarpaulin (buy tarpaulin here) to stop water from getting inside the coop 

Also, in the rainy season remove wet litter and put new chicken beddings as soon as possible.

It is also recommended to use an odor eliminator to remove stubborn odors. Here are two of the best odor eliminator:

Here is our complete guide on the best odor eliminators.

4. It Controls Pests and External Parasite Infestation

4. It Controls Pests and External Parasite Infestation
  • Save

If you remove the litter from the coop regularly, you can easily protect the chickens from nasty mites, lice, and pests. The fact is that mites can be lessened and controlled just by regularly cleaning the coop.

The prevention of fleas, mites, and ticks is also a major reason to keep the poultry coop clean. You can also use good chicken wormers

If your chicken flocks get infested with fleas, mites, and lice, it’s very hard to get rid of them. So, try to prevent them growing inside your poultry coop by cleaning it regularly.

Below are best medicines for external parasites in chicken:

How to Clean a Chicken Coop in 3 Steps?

Cleaning and sanitizing your chicken coops and nesting boxes need some specific steps to perform. One who is experienced should use only natural cleaning items familiar to the chickens.

Here are some things that you should follow for the best ways to clean chicken coop:

1. How to Clean Chicken Coop Inside?

How to Clean Chicken Coop Inside
  • Save

a) Clean all the dirt, nesting materials, feathers, and bird droppings

Based on the size of the chicken coop, cleaning unwanted dirt and debris consumes lots of time. But it is essential to remove as much as crap you can do.

It may also include cleaning walls, internal pull-out drawers, wood parts, other parts like feeder, drinker, etc. You also have to clean other stuff like poultry heaters and chicken coop fans.

Clean electronic items with a soft dry cloth and for other stuff water or a cleaning solution will make the work easier.

Check out one of the best disinfectant liquids- Vital-Oxide Mold and Mildew Remover

b) Break out the hose and quietly spray the enclosure down

You must remove all kinds of dust and debris that is left over scraping and shoveling. Repeat the first step if there is a significant amount of debris left.

Also Read:  How Long Do Fresh Eggs Last? (in Fridge and Unrefrigerated)

c) You should use a natural cleaning agent like vinegar to make the chicken nesting boxes and coop disinfect. 

It would help if you did not use bleach, as it is harsh for animals and can also be toxic for chickens.

Vinegar also has the same cleaning properties and without severe effects. You can mix equal parts of vinegar and water to make a cleaning solution for many natural cleaning.

You should use a hand brush and thick-bristled broom to scrub the floors and walls of any remaining droppings, stains, dirt, and debris.

d) Rinse once more. 

If you still do not like the quality of cleaning, then with no thought clean all dust inside the coop again. Because a clean environment provides better growth and productivity in poultry.

Some poultry farms keep a gap of 2 months in each shed to clean and make it infection-free. Meanwhile, they use another already cleaned shed for growing a new batch of chicken flocks.

e) Sweep out water and let the coop and nest boxes air dry. 

The fresh air will prevent the vinegar smell, and sunlight will help in the disinfectant processes. Also clean all feeders, drinkers, and other stuff inside the coop using the disinfectant solution.

You can dry the equipment like feeder, drinkers, feeder-drinker stands, in sunlight after washing them. 

After making the coop dry, lay down the fresh nesting materials (recommended beddings) to keep the floors clean and the chickens warm.

The beddings must be 6-12 inches thick, which will help prevent the chicken from cold. But before that read the complete guide on cleaning chicken coop floor step by step.

2. How to Clean the Chicken Coop Floor?

How to Clean the Chicken Coop Floor
  • Save

You are all ready for your new flock of laying hens. What will you use as litter on the chicken coop floor? 

Pine shavings, straw, hay, or something else? How often is it required to clean it out? How will you make it not get stinky?

The deep litter method is a sustainable method to manage the litter of the chicken coop that is used by many farmers. The deep litter method forms a compost pile of your chicken poop on the floor of the coop. 

It includes cleaning litter, disinfection, cleaning the floor, adding new litter, and chemicals used to clean the floor.

Similarly, like a compost pile, you must begin with a layer of pine shavings or any organic matter in the “browns” category. The high-nitrogen chicken poop is the “green.”

You should add enough pine shavings to keep the floor composting nice, and the chickens will do the aeration automatically with their scratching behavior. 

If you scatter corn or any other type of chicken treats on the floor of the coop, it will encourage them to scratch. The litter contains a beneficial microbe that acts as probiotics for your hens.

Here are two of the best pine shavings for coop floor bedding:

Also Read:  Diatomaceous Earth For Chickens: Is It Safe For Use in Coop?

Benefits of the Deep Litter System Are:

  • Deep litter method is easy to clean and doesn’t take a lot of time to manage the dirty coop.
  • The chickens scratch the bedding and they get a beneficial culture of the living compost little material, suitable for them.
  • You can use various types of litter material like wood powder, paddy rind up to 6-12 inches on the coop floor. It will keep your chicken clean and healthy..
  • You end up with compost, which is best for your garden plants and trees.
  • The deep litter system is entirely safe, and the birds also stay healthy.
  • This type of bedding has no smell to absorb all watery things that fall on the coop floor.
  • But the major thing is you have to change it after every 1 to 2 month or after changing a batch of flocks.

3. How to Clean Chicken Coop Run?

How to Clean Chicken Coop Run
  • Save

Cleaning the chicken run is also important because it is the main area where your flocks graze most of the time.

You can easily spray the roosting bars down by using the water hose for the chicken coop run. 

Just take a sponge soak it in white vinegar to make them run over the bars, depending upon how nasty they are. This will help to sanitize and deter bugs.

Now, you’ll be able to use many materials. You can use shredded paper, straw, hay, or mulch. Most people use cedar pine shavings. However, you can use whatever you have.

You may know that sprinkling diatomaceous earth has many benefits; it is also very natural and must be included while cleaning out the coop because it helps to keep everything and everyone in a maintained manner and healthy.

If your chickens don’t free-range, then they might have a run or a chicken yard. You can make your chicken free-range inside your fenced backyard during the fall, as they may have cleaned up our garden beds.

Honestly, we don’t have to scoop this area out, but at least a few times in a year when the compost is required. However, if you don’t have sufficient knowledge about the deep litter method, you must empty it while cleaning for sanitation.


Every season brings new tasks and challenges for the chicken keepers to clean the coop and add various equipment for spring cleaning to winter warmers. 

Come rain or shine, something that we’ll never be able to control is the weather. This is a matter of worry and concern while thinking about your backyard friend’s safety and comfort.

Luckily, you can easily prepare for all the seasons because we have made a valuable guide of everything that you must know on how to clean a chicken coop out of season.

Also, with a necessary set of checklists, you can save them or bookmark this page. So, try to use these tips to clean your poultry coop and sheds. 

Hope these step by step guides on ‘how to clean a chicken coop?’ helped you in your backyard farming, Must share your thoughts in the comment section.

  • Save

I am Bijaya Kumar and I have been raising chickens for the last 10 years. Backyard poultry farming has been our family business for the last 30 years. We raise multiple chicken breeds in their backyard.

Leave a Comment